Developed countries are nations that have a high degree
of industrialization and high socioeconomic development,
based on criteria such as HDI and GDP.
Developed countries, also known as industrialized
countries or first world countries, are those with
high socioeconomic development.
The classification criteria of these nations take into
account the degree of wealth,
industrialization and development, the
collection of goods and services through the Gross Domestic
Product (GDP), per capita income and social indicators,
especially the Development Index Human Development (HDI).
Characteristics of developed countries
Developed countries have high economic development and
are highly industrialized. In relation to the sectors of the
economy, they are represented by the tertiary (commercial
activities) and quartenary (information services) sectors.
They have high GDP, which constitutes the monetary value
of goods and services produced by the country in the period
of one year. Per capita income in these countries is
generally high, and its distribution is more homogeneous
than that of underdeveloped and developing countries.
Developed countries have good social indicators. The HDI, an indicator that assesses the levels of education, health
and income, of these countries is close to 1. This value
indicates good quality and life expectancy, a high degree of
education and literacy and a high per capita income.
In addition, developed countries have low birth rates,
mortality and infant mortality. Australia and New Zealand
are two developed countries in Oceania as listed by Countryaah.
Examples from developed countries
→ According to economic criteria
- United States - GDP: 19.39 trillion USD
- Japan - GDP: 4.872 trillion USD
- Canada - GDP: USD 1,653 trillion
- Australia - GDP: USD 1.323 trillion
→ According to social criteria
- Norway - HDI: 0.953
- Switzerland - HDI: 0.944
- Australia - HDI: 0.939
- Ireland - HDI: 0.938
America's developed countries
On the American continent, there are two developed
- United States: country with a high
degree of industrialization, developed infrastructure
and high productivity. It presents a high Gross Domestic
Product (19.39 trillion dollars), representing about 24%
of the world GDP, and HDI of 0.924.
- Canada: country with one of the
greatest wealth in the world. It represents the tenth
largest economy in the world and is the United States'
largest trading partner. It has a GDP of 1.653 trillion
dollars and an HDI of 0.926.
Developing countries are those that show significant
economic and social growth, recent and growing
industrialization, in addition to a significant increase in
the monetary value of goods produced (GDP).
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) considers Brazil,
Argentina, Colombia, China and Mexico to be developing
countries. These nations have demonstrated significant
economic development in the industrial and export sectors,
in addition to improvements in social aspects. Despite these
advances, they still present several problems in the sectors
of education and health.
The United Nations (UN) classifies countries with low
social and economic development as underdeveloped. The
social indicators of these nations reveal problems such as
poor quality of life, deficits in health and education,
conditions of poverty, hunger, malnutrition and high rates
Usually, the mortality and birth rates in these countries
are high, demonstrating social fragility. In addition, the
HDI value is closer to 0, when compared to that of developed
With regard to the economy, underdeveloped countries have
low GDP, in addition to low and poorly distributed per
capita income. They have a low level of industrialization,
depending on developed economies.
The economy of these countries is considered vulnerable
and is based on the primary sector, through agriculture and
livestock, and the services sector.
According to the UN, examples of developing countries
are: Sierra Leone, Niger, Haiti and Afghanistan
Developed and underdeveloped countries
||They have a high degree of industrialization,
high per capita income and excellent social
indicators. They have HDI close to 1, indicating
good quality and life expectancy, as well as
||They have a low degree of industrialization and
low per capita income. Social indicators point to
problems. The HDI is close to 0, indicating low
quality and life expectancy, economic vulnerability
and reduced educational opportunities.
|Gross Domestic Product
||They have economic dominance, and the
development of their economy is stable. They
generate revenue through the industrial sector.
||They depend on developed countries to grow
economically. The economy is predominantly
agricultural, and revenues are generated through the
agriculture and service sectors.
|Quality of life
||High literacy rate
||High illiteracy rate
||Reduced birth rates, mortality and infant
||High birth rates, mortality and infant
||Norway, United States, Switzerland
||Sierra Leone, Niger, Haiti
According to the UN, the Human Development Index ranking
is divided into:
- Too high
- Norway: 0.953
- Switzerland: 0.944
- Australia: 0.939
- Ireland: 0.938
- Germany: 0.936
- Iran: 0.798
- Palau: 0.798
- Mexico: 0.744
- Venezuela: 0.761
- Brazil: 0.759
- Philippines: 0.699
- Egypt: 0.696
- Bolivia: 0.693
- India: 0.640
- Uganda: 0.516
- Haiti: 0.498
- Congo: 0.457
- Niger: 0.354
- Sierra Leone: 0.413