Zambia. According to Countryaah, the capital of Zambia is Lusaka. Former President Kenneth Kaunda, who was arrested in December 1997 accused of participating in a coup attempt, was indicted in January. However, when the trial began in June, the prosecutor dropped the prosecution. Kaunda immediately announced that he would leave the chair of the United National Independence Party, UNIP (Formal National Independence Party), which happened formally a month later. He also hinted that he would leave politics altogether.
It was South Africa’s President Nelson Mandela who, through secret mediation, worked out Kaunda’s release towards ending his political career. But behind the indictment, as was President Frederick Chiluba’s decision in March to repeal the exceptions laws that have prevailed since October 1997, there was even more the country’s need to stay well with foreign aid donors. Zambia was suffering from a huge foreign debt, the repayments of which cost the country three quarters of its aid. Zambia was also hit hard by falling copper prices. A consortium of aid donors under the World Bank’s leadership granted the country $ 530 million in May, but at the same time demanded more rapid privatization of the still partially state-owned copper company ZCCM.
Area: 752,612 km2 (world ranking: 38)
Population density: 23 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 67)
Official languages: English
Gross domestic product: 25.8 billion US $; Real growth: 4.1%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1300 US$
Currency: 1 Kwacha (K) = 100 Ngwee
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Head of State and Government: Edgar Lungu Inonge Wina, Outside: Joseph Malanji
National holiday: October 24th.
State and form of government
Constitution of 1991
Presidential republic (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: National Assembly with 167 members (156 elected, 8 appointed, 3 ex officio), election every 5 years; Also chamber of the chiefs (House of Chiefs) with 27 Member.
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (renewable once)
Voting age 18 years
last 2010 census: 13,092,666 inhab.
73 ethnic groups (mainly Bantu): 36% Bemba, 18% Nyanja (including Chichewa, Nsenga, Ngoni), 15% Tonga (including Lenje, Soli, Ila), 10% Northwest Group (Luvale, Lunda, Kaonde), 8% Barotse (including Lozi, Nkoya); Chinese, San among others
Cities (with population): (as of 2017) Lusaka 2,426,900 inh., Kitwe 669,600, Ndola 551,900, Chingola 233,600, Kabwe 227,600, Mufulira 177,500, Maramba (Livingstone) 168,000, Luanshya 145,400
Religions: 65% Protestants, 25% Catholics; indigenous religions; Minorities of Muslims, among others (as of 2006)
Languages: English; Languages of the ethnic groups
Employed by economic sector: No information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 6.6%
Foreign trade: Import: 8.7 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 8.1 billion (2017)
Alternating humid tropical climate. The climate is weakened by the altitude. Average temperatures in low areas around 24 ° C, in high areas around 21 ° C. Precipitation decreases from north (1500 mm) to south (600 mm). The rainy season lasts from November to April.