Tuvalu. At the March 26 election, seven of the twelve members lost their seats in Parliament. Among those who were not re-elected were former Prime Minister Kamuta Laatasi, who, during the election campaign, went on fierce attacks against the incumbent Head of Government Bikenibeu Paeniu. Laatasi accused Paeniu of having committed a sexual assault five years earlier. According to Countryaah, the capital of Tuvalu is Vaiaku. Paeniu dismissed the charges and accused Laatasi of receiving bribes during his tenure as Prime Minister 1993-96.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does TUV stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Tuvalu.
In November, a warning was issued by the regional environmental program in the South Pacific, SPREP, that the greenhouse effect is causing more and more land on low-lying islands, among other things. Tuvalu, placed under water. In addition, the rising sea level has caused drinking water to be contaminated by salt water and farmers have been forced to abandon important agricultural land.
History. – Independent since 1 October 1978, it is a parliamentary democracy. ” Special member ” of the Commonwealth (excluded, that is, from the meetings of the heads of government of the countries that belong to it), is headed by the British sovereign, represented by a governor general. The Parliament, elected by universal suffrage for 4 years, is made up of a single chamber of 12 members. The country’s political life has until now been characterized by a lack of parties. The first political elections were held in September 1981 which resulted in a government chaired by Tuvalu Puapua (reconfirmed in office in the subsequent elections in September 1985). In September 1989 Puapua was defeated by the former minister of community services, B. Paeniu.
With regard to international relations, in 1979 Tuvalu signed a friendship treaty with the United States which established the borders of the territorial waters and provided for consultations between the two countries regarding fishing rights and the military use of the islands of the archipelago. In 1985 Tuvalu also entered into an agreement with 9 other countries in the South Pacific area to establish a nuclear-free zone. Relations with Great Britain, starting from 1991, have deteriorated: Tuvalu was in fact demanding economic aid for the development of the country, burdened by severe poverty, and compensation for the damages suffered during the Second World War. But the British low availability, accompanied by severe criticism of the economic policy of the government led by Paeniu, has exacerbated the tension between the two countries. so much so that for the second time in its history (the first dates back to 1986) the proposal was made in Parliament to transform the country’s institutional structure into a republic. However, the attempt was rejected (1992).
A nation among the poorest in the world according to UN data, exposed to fluctuations in copra prices, dependent on imports for most of the necessary goods (in 1986, food imports accounted for 29.5% of total expenditure) and characterized from a chronic deficit in the trade balance, Tuvalu also suffers from the growing disparity between the availability of resources and an ever-increasing population.