Tonga. In March, the Minister of Natural Resources was forced to resign following allegations of corruption and misappropriation of state resources. According to Countryaah, the capital of Tonga is Nuku’alofa. In early September, Parliament’s Speaker Eseta Fusitu’a was accused of abusing his position. 1,000 people signed a petition demanding that action be taken. As a result, King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV in September decided to temporarily shut down Parliament while the charges were being investigated.
Area: 747 km2 (world ranking: 176)
Population density: 145 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 181)
Official languages: Tongan, English
Gross domestic product: 426 million US $; Real growth: 2.7%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 4010 US$
Currency: 1 Pa’anga (T $) = 100 Seniti
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Head of State: Tupou VI., Head of Government and Foreign Affairs: Samiuela ‘Akilisi Pohiva
National Day: 4.6.
5 administrative units
State and form of government
Constitution of 1875
Constitutional monarchy (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament (Fale Alea) with 27 members (17 by the people, 9 by nobles, 1 appointed by the king), election every 4 years.
Suffrage from 21 years of age.
Population: Tongans, last census 2016: 100,651 residents
approx. 99% Polynesian Tongans; 300 European
Cities (with population): (as of 2016) Nuku’alofa (Tongatapu) 23,221 residents.
Religions: 36% Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, 18% Mormons, 15% Catholics, 12% Free Church of Tonga, 12% Church of Tonga and others (Status: 2006)
Languages: Tonga (Polynesian language); English
Employed persons by economic sector
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no details
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 8.0%
Foreign trade: Import: 200 million US $ (2017); Export: US $ 30 million (2017)