Tonga 1998

Tonga Capital

Yearbook 1998

Tonga. In March, the Minister of Natural Resources was forced to resign following allegations of corruption and misappropriation of state resources. According to Countryaah, the capital of Tonga is Nuku’alofa. In early September, Parliament’s Speaker Eseta Fusitu’a was accused of abusing his position. 1,000 people signed a petition demanding that action be taken. As a result, King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV in September decided to temporarily shut down Parliament while the charges were being investigated.

Country data

Area: 747 km2 (world ranking: 176)

Population: 108,000

Population density: 145 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 181)

Capital: Nuku’alofa

Official languages: Tongan, English

Gross domestic product: 426 million US $; Real growth: 2.7%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 4010 US$

Currency: 1 Pa’anga (T $) = 100 Seniti


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Head of State: Tupou VI., Head of Government and Foreign Affairs: Samiuela ‘Akilisi Pohiva

National Day: 4.6.

Administrative structure
5 administrative units

State and form of government
Constitution of 1875
Constitutional monarchy (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament (Fale Alea) with 27 members (17 by the people, 9 by nobles, 1 appointed by the king), election every 4 years.
Suffrage from 21 years of age.

Population: Tongans, last census 2016: 100,651 residents
approx. 99% Polynesian Tongans; 300 European

Cities (with population): (as of 2016) Nuku’alofa (Tongatapu) 23,221 residents.

Religions: 36% Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, 18% Mormons, 15% Catholics, 12% Free Church of Tonga, 12% Church of Tonga and others (Status: 2006)

Languages: Tonga (Polynesian language); English

Employed persons by economic sector
no details

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no details

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 8.0%

Foreign trade: Import: 200 million US $ (2017); Export: US $ 30 million (2017)

Tonga Capital