Tanzania. According to Countryaah, the capital of Tanzania is DDodoma. Eleven people were killed and 72 injured in a blast attack on the US embassy in Dar es-Salaam on August 7. An Egyptian and a Tanzanian were indicted in September for the act. Five other suspects were also arrested. The Egyptian was reported to be linked to Saudi Usama bin Laden, who held the United States responsible for the attack.
A long political stalemate on the Zanzibar archipelago appeared near a settlement in the fall after the opposition party CUF (Civic United Front) expressed its willingness to cancel the boycott of the local parliament. The crisis erupted after the election of CCM’s (Chama Cha Mapinduzi; Revolutionary Party of Tanzania) candidate Salmin Amour to Zanzibar’s president in 1995, which the opposition claimed was done by cheating.
Tanzania played a major role as a supplier of troops for UN peacekeeping missions. By October 2014, the country had posted 2,253 soldiers on missions in Congo, Lebanon and no less than 3 missions in the Sudan/South Sudan area.
The country’s electricity supply has historically been fluctuating, as it was largely based on hydropower, and periods of drought could reduce electricity generation. It caused rolling outages across the country to the detriment of economic development. With the extraction of gas from the fields in the Indian Ocean, the country agreed to increasingly produce electricity from gas, which increased security of supply. New gas pipelines were built from 2010 onwards.
In 2015, the government adopted 4 laws restricting freedom of speech. A law against «Cyber Crime» prohibits the dissemination of «false or misleading» information online. A new statistics law prohibited the dissemination of “false or misleading” statistics.
Kikwete could only sit for 2 presidential terms. In July 2015, the ruling CCM therefore appointed John Pombe Magufuli as the party’s presidential candidate at the October elections. Another prominent CCM politician, Edward Lowassa, therefore chose to change the party and went to the opposition, CHADEMA, who nominated him as their candidate. Lowassa was previously prime minister, but had to resign in 2008 due to corruption. Still, he was a worthy opponent for Magufuli, who, however, won the election with 58.5% of the vote. He was inducted as president in November. Parallel to the presidential election, elections to parliament were held. CCM gained 55.0% of the votes against 31.8% for CHADEMA.
The elections in Zanzibar ended up being canceled due to excessive irregularities. The Civic United Front (CUF) criticized the cancellation, declaring that it alone intended to waive the party’s electoral victory. The re-election was carried out in March 2016, but this time the boycott of the opposition was gathered in the CUF. The incumbent President, Ali Mohamed Shein of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party therefore won with 98% of the votes cast. The voting percentage was 68%. Over 200 people were injured during the riots in the months leading up to the election.
To curb the number of murders of albinos up to the election, in January 2015, the government imposed a ban on witchcraft. Still, 50 were killed in connection with witchcraft in the months of January-June. The practitioners of witchcraft believe that the bones of the killed give special powers.
After his accession, President Magufuli marked himself as a strong opponent of corruption and overuse in the state administration. He canceled the otherwise traditionally pompous (and expensive) Independence Day and instead urged the people to clean the roads and streets. He himself went for the cleaning. First-class travel was banned, delegations to attend international conferences were cut dramatically. The saved funds were to be used instead in hospitals and road works.