In 1998, the Republic of Slovenia was a small Central European nation located between Italy and Croatia with a population of around 2 million people. The official language was Slovenian and the currency was the Tolar. The government was a parliamentary democracy headed by Prime Minister Janez Drnovšek, who had been in office since 1992. Slovenia’s economy in 1998 relied heavily on industry, with its main exports being machinery, vehicles, and electronics. Tourism also played an important role; Slovenia had many natural attractions such as mountains, forests, and rivers which attracted visitors from all over Europe. Education was highly valued in Slovenia; literacy rates were higher than average for Central European countries at around 99%. Despite economic difficulties due to its small size and limited resources, Slovenia had managed to maintain its unique culture and traditions which provided hope for a brighter future. See dentistrymyth for Slovenia in the year of 2015.
Slovenia. According to Countryaah, the capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana. Slovenia – the most successful republic of the former Yugoslavia in terms of economy, democracy and human rights – was criticized by the European Commission during the year. It meant that the adaptation of the country’s laws and social institutions to the EU’s very detailed regulations had been slow. The Commission also pointed out that the country’s preparatory work had lost momentum and that no real progress had been made since Slovenia formally applied for membership in 1996. Slovenia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Estonia and Cyprus were previously designated by the EU as the fastest-growing countries. membership of the Union. The time for this was set at 2000, but now the EU does not even reveal if it will happen before 2005.
The European Commission still saw Slovenia as a stable and democratic rule of law. However, it pointed out that in addition to the slow adaptation to EU law, the country had too high a wage level to attract foreign investment. The tax system and the pension scheme must also be reformed. The number of elderly people who are inactive will soon be equal to the number of employed persons.
Slovenia has since January together with, among other things, Sweden has served on the UN Security Council. The country is also a member of the NATO Partnership for Peace (PFP). Slovenian military has participated in the NATO-led peacekeeping force SFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in UN peacekeeping operations in Albania and Cyprus.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does SLO stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Slovenia.
During the year, Slovenia, together with Italy and Hungary, formed a regional intervention force and began training American and British soldiers in warfare in mountain landscapes.
As part of the upgrading of the small defense force, Slovenia negotiated with Sweden during the year to buy about twenty hunting planes of type JAS 39 Gripen. Rapid economic growth continued and amounted to 3.8% during the year.
From January 1993, the Slovenia was led by the coalition government of J. Drnovšek (former communist), who started commercial relations with Western countries and started the privatization process, almost completely finished at the end of 1997. In 1994 the Liberal Democrats, together with other small parties, created the Slovenian Liberal Democracy (LDS, Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije), which assumed a dominant position in the government. This exacerbated the existing tensions with the Christian Democrats (SKD, Slovenski Krščanki Demokrati) which led, in September 1994, to the resignation of Foreign Minister L. Peterle.
In 1995 there was a clear strengthening of nationalist sentiment among the Slovenian population, a part of which openly manifested their ethnic exclusiveness towards all former Yugoslav citizens. In fact, a movement was formed that proposed a referendum – never called due to the few signatures collected – through which they asked for the approval of a law that deprived the elements of Bosnian origin of Slovenian citizenship.
In the international context, the problematic relations of the Slovenia with Italy and with the European Union were added to undermine the already weak majority of the government. However, the determination of President M. Kučan led to the Association Agreement signed on 10 June 1996 with the EU. At this juncture, the support of the Italian government was decisive, which managed to re-establish relaxed relations with the Slovenia after the difficulties that arose during the Berlusconi government, regarding the question of the properties claimed by the Italian exiles in Istria. Despite strong internal tensions, the Slovenian government managed to survive until the elections of 10 November 1996, despite the left-wing grouping of the United List of Social Democrats (ZLSD, Združena Lista Socialnih Demokratov) withdrawn from the alliance. The Slovenian Spring coalition made up of three conservative and anti-European parties (the Slovenian People’s Party – SLS, Slovenska Ljudska Stranka -, the Social Democratic Party – SDSS, Socialdemokratična Stranka Slovenije – and the Christian Democratic Party), which with its opposition delayed the appointment of the new government. Indeed, it was only in February 1997 that Drnovšek succeeded in establishing the new government consisting of the LDS, the SLS and the Pensioners’ Party (DESUS, Demokratična Stranka Upokojencev Slovenije). The strong partners were the center-left liberal democrats and the conservatives of the Slovenian People’s Party, characterized by opposing political intentions and strategies: the one advocating the liberalization of the market and the entry of the Slovenia into the EU, the others, instead, were advocates of strong economic protectionism and were critical of the country’s full entry into the EU. However, the Liberal Democrats, in compliance with the dictates of the Association Agreement between Slovenia and the EU and to ensure the country the status of associate member, in July 1997 amended art. 68of the Constitution which strictly regulated the right of property for foreigners in Slovenia. Relations between Slovenia and Italy continued to improve. Rome reaffirmed its full support for Ljubljana for EU and NATO accessions and, together with Hungary, the two countries formed an agreement, the Trilateral (23 October 1996), for closer collaboration in various sectors.
The political-international sphere was dominated by conflicts with Zagreb regarding financial, economic, commercial, environmental and, in particular, territorial aspects. In fact, still two thirds of the land borders were in dispute. Furthermore, the impossibility of accessing the open sea without crossing the Italian or Croatian territorial waters of the Adriatic had reduced the hopes of strengthening the port of Koper. The frictions, still to be resolved at the end of the 1990s, also referred to the proprietary formula and the management methods of the Krško nuclear power plant which, located in Slovenian territory but on the border with Croatia, had been built in the 1970s with funds from both countries. A’
The 1998 was still characterized by tensions in the balance of power within the ruling coalition. In particular, the center-right SLS was anxious to appear as the party that was elevating itself as guardian of national interests in the coalition, hindering, in particular, the harmonization of internal legislation with that of the Community. Despite the slowness of the Slovenian government in complying with the obligations necessary to make the Slovenia a full member of the EU, and the various top management changes that have taken place in various ministries (including that of Defense, Internal Affairs, Economics and Education and Sports), in 1999Parliament passed numerous laws that shortened the distance from the EU. In fact, the value added tax was introduced, which did not upset the economy, as was feared, although strongly affected and slowed in growth by the repercussions of the conflict in Kosovo and by the air intervention of NATO against Yugoslavia (March-June 1999), an intervention supported by Slovenia. This latter attitude was more than taken for granted, considering that the country’s strategic plans also included entry into the Atlantic Alliance.