1389 Ottoman supremacy
According to Countryaah, the capital of Serbia is Belgrade. From the middle of the 14th century, the Ottoman Empire initiated the conquest of the Balkans and in 1389 defeated the Serbian forces in the Battle of Kosova. 489 years of Ottoman rule were thus initiated. In the 14th and 15th centuries, the first emigrations took place from Serbia and Bosnia, heading for the nearby Serbian areas – Russia. Macedonia was admitted to the Ottoman Empire in 1395. Bosnia, which had been a vassal state of the Hungarian kingdom since the 12th century, was conquered by the Ottomans in 1463, and Bosnia’s Slavic population was Islamized. In 1465, Hercegovina fell. Venezia had already annexed the coastal areas of Neretva and Zetina. The city of Dubrovnik was under Hungarian rule and from 1526 under Ottoman.
In the 16-18. century, until 1991, the territory that formed Yugoslavia was divided between the Ottoman Empire (Serbia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia), the Habsburgs (Croatia, Slovenia, Slavonia, parts of Dalmatia and Vojvodina) as well as the Republic of Venezia, which ruled Istria and Dalmatia. . After a popular uprising in 1690 in the old Serbia, 70,000 people fled to the Habsburg controlled area. Instead, the Ottoman Empire transferred Albanian Muslims to the abandoned areas of Kosova and Metohija.
After the Turkish-Russian War (1768-74), with the Kuchuk-Kainardzhi Treaty, Russia was allowed to stand as protector of Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire. As a consequence of the Napoleonic wars, Austria in 1797 conquered the Balkans. The northern part of Serbia that otherwise belonged to the Ottoman Empire gained internal autonomy as a result of the first Serbian popular uprising (1804-13), the Russian-Turkish war (1806-12) and the second Serbian popular uprising. Political and military leaders Gueorgui Cherni (Karagueorgui) and Milos Obrenovic created the Serbian government dynasty. In 1829, Serbia gained the status of independent principality within the Ottoman Empire with Milos Obrenovic as Prince.
Area: 77,474 km2 (world ranking: 115)
Population density: 91 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 104)
Capital: Beograd (Belgrade)
Official languages: Serbian
Gross domestic product: 41.4 billion euros; Real growth: 1.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 5180
Currency: 1 Serbian dinar (RSD) = 100 Para
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Head of State: Aleksandar Vucic, Head of Government: Ana Brnabic, Outside: Ivica Dacic
National Day: 15.2. (Uprising against the Ottomans 1804)
24 districts and 1 city, including 7 districts in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
State and form of government
Constitution of 2006
Parliament (Narodna skupstina) with 250 members; Election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one-time re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years, employed persons from 16 years
Population: Serbs, last census 2011: 7,186,862 residents
83.3% Serbs, 3.5% Hungarians, 2, 1% Roma, 2.0% Bosniaks; total of 21 minority
Cities (with population): Novi Sad as of 2011: 231,798 residents.
Religions: 85% Orthodox, 5% Catholics, 3% Muslims, 1% Protestants (as of 2006)
Languages: Serbian; Recognized minority languages: Hungarian, Bosnian, Romani, Albanian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Ruthenian, German, Ukrainian, Wallachian, Bunjewak, Czech, Macedonian Employed
By economic sector: Agriculture. 19%, industry 24%, business 57% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 14.1%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.1%
Foreign trade: Import: 22.1 billion US $ (2017); Export: 17.0 billion US $ (2017)