Sao Tome and Principe 1998

Sao Tome and Principe Capital

In 1998, Sao Tome and Principe was a small island nation located off the western coast of Africa with a population of just over 140,000 people. The economy was largely dependent on agriculture and fishing as well as exports of cocoa and other goods. Despite its small size, poverty was still widespread and life expectancy at birth was just 56 years old. Education levels were low and health care services were inadequate in many parts of the country. In terms of infrastructure, roads were poor and telecommunications services were limited to urban areas only. Despite these challenges, Sao Tome and Principe had made some progress in recent years by introducing reforms to improve economic growth and reduce poverty levels. This included reforms to the banking sector and foreign investment laws as well as steps to increase access to primary health care services for all citizens. Additionally, since 1975 Sao Tome and Principe had been transitioning from a one-party state towards a more open market-based economy which had been gradually improving living conditions throughout the country. See dentistrymyth for Sao Tome and Principe in the year of 2015.

Yearbook 1998

São Tomé and Príncipe. In November’s parliamentary elections, Prime Minister Raul Bragança Neto and his ruling MLSTP-PSD (Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe-Partido Social Democático) gained their own majority with 31 of the parliament’s 55 seats and were thus able to remain. According to Countryaah, the capital of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome. The second largest party was the opposition party ADI (Acção Democrática Independente) with 16 seats and the third largest was PCD-GR (Partido de Convergência Democrática-Grupo de Reflexão), which is an ally of the government party. The turnout was just under 65%.

  • Abbreviationfinder: What does STP stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Sao Tome and Principe.

Country data

Area: 1001 km2 (world ranking: 172)

Residents: 204,000

Population density: 204 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 176)

Capital: São Tomé

Official languages: Portuguese

Gross domestic product: 391 million US $; Real growth: 3.9%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1770 US$

Currency: 1 new Dobra (Db) = 100 Cêntimos


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Head of State: Evaristo Carvalho, Head of Government: Patrice Emery Trovoada, Outside: Urbino Botelho

National holiday: 12.7.

Administrative structure
2 provinces with 7 districts

State and form of government
Constitution of 1975
Presidential Republic
Parliament: National Assembly (Assembléia Nacional) with 55 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one-time re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years of age

Population: São- Toméer, last census 2012: 179,200 residents,
88% African (Forros, Angolares etc.), 10% European-African descent, 2% European (mainly Portuguese)

Cities (with population): (As of 2012) São Tomé (São Tomé) 67,000 residents, Trindade (São Tomé) 16,140, ​​Santana (São Tomé) 10,290, Neves (São Tomé) 10,068, Guadalupe (São Tomé) 7604

Religions: 85% Catholics, 12% Protestants, 2% Muslims; indigenous religions (status: 2006)

Languages: Portuguese; Portuguese Creole

Employees by economic sector: no information

Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 5.5%

Foreign trade: Import: 149 million US $ (2017); Export: US $ 14 million (2017)

Sao Tome and Principe Capital

Demography and economic geography. – Island state of West Africa. The population (179,200 at the 2012 census; 197,882 in 2014, according to an estimate by UNDESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) is growing at a rapid pace (2.8% in the period 2005-10, 2.6 % in the period 2010-15) and 65% is distributed in urban areas. The capital, São Tomé, has 71,000 residents. With life expectancy at birth of 66.3 years (2013), literacy at 75% and GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPA) of $ 3,138 (2014), the country ranks 142nd in the Human Development Index. Despite the GDP growth (4-5% in recent years), supported by cocoa, coffee, fishing, the country has a fragile economy, due to unemployment, pockets of poverty, exposure to changes in prices (especially imported goods), disastrous natural events. Tourism and oil production still remain at their potential.