San Marino. In December, the European Commission proposed that some of Europe’s small states, including San Marino, should use the euro as its official currency. According to Countryaah, the capital of San Marino is San Marino. The Commission recommended Italy to start negotiations with San Marino and the Vatican City on the matter.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does SMR stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of San Marino.
SAN MARINO. – According to the census of 28 September 1947, the population was 12,000 residents (199 per sq. Km.), Of which 2418 in the capital. In 1936 the agricultural surface constituted 86.8% of the territorial surface; forestry, 1.8%; that ravine and rock, mostly sterile, 11.2% of the agricultural surface, which covers 4982 ha., 3169 ha. they were arable land planted with vines; 1714, simple arable land; 36 vineyards; 63 pastures. In 1936 the zootechnical patrimony was constituted as follows: 147 horses (of which 101 donkeys), 1971 cattle, 1109 sheep and 498 pigs. The San Marino-Rimini electric railway suffered serious damage during the war and has not yet been restored to working order.
History. – Although a free and independent republic, San Marino has always been strongly affected, in its events, by the Italian events. Thus, here too, fascism emerged, consolidated in power through the re-establishment of the ancient custom of co-optation for the elections of the Great Council, which had become the monopoly of a family and its adherents. And here too it fell after July 25, 1943, giving rise to the re-establishment of traditional institutions, maintained despite the attempts to revive the local fascists, backed by those from outside, and the invasion of the German troops. Meanwhile, the war was approaching its territory, which had been chosen as a safe refuge for about 100,000 refugees and which, on June 26, 1944, assuming that there was an ammunition depot at the station, it was bombed with considerable damage and 63 deaths. During the retreat, the Germans installed artillery there (September 4, 1944), made requisitions, destroyed roads, bridges, electrical workshops and laid mines. On 15 September San Marino was reached by the allied artillery and on the 20 the last fight took place on its territory, which ended with 161 dead and 178 wounded. Then the Allies camped there for two months. The new political direction, confirmed by the elections of 5 September 1943 and 11 March 1945, relied on the Socialists and Communists, who had two thirds of the seats in the Great Council. There was a rigid purge and various reforms: direct election was substituted for the choice by lottery of the two regents; the government has taken over the direct management of some services (ovens, mills, road haulage, cinema) and an agrarian reform was introduced. In the elections of February 27, 1949, the social-communist government bloc won 2,815 votes and the opposition (People’s Alliance) 2015.