Saint Lucia 1998

Saint Lucia Capital

As one of the 195 countries of the world, Saint Lucia is a stunning island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is part of the Lesser Antilles and is situated between Martinique to the north and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south. The island’s geography is characterized by lush rainforests, volcanic peaks, and pristine beaches, making it a popular destination for tourists seeking natural beauty and adventure.

Capital and Population

The capital of Saint Lucia is Castries, located on the northwest coast of the island. Castries serves as the main commercial and cultural hub of the country, with a bustling harbor and vibrant markets. As of the latest available data, the population of Saint Lucia is estimated to be around 183,000 people, comprising a diverse mix of ethnicities, including Afro-Caribbean, European, and Indian descent.

Language and Culture

English is the official language of Saint Lucia, reflecting its colonial history as a former British territory. However, a French-based Creole language known as Saint Lucian Creole French is also widely spoken among the local population. Saint Lucian culture is a rich tapestry of influences, blending African, European, and indigenous traditions. Music, dance, and cuisine play integral roles in Saint Lucian cultural expression, with popular festivals such as the Saint Lucia Jazz Festival and the Feast of Saint Lucia showcasing the island’s vibrant heritage.

Economy and Tourism

Saint Lucia boasts a diverse economy, with tourism being a key driver of growth and development. The island’s stunning natural landscapes, including the iconic Pitons, pristine beaches, and vibrant coral reefs, attract visitors from around the world. In addition to tourism, agriculture, particularly banana production, has historically been an important sector of the economy. More recently, the government has been diversifying the economy by promoting sectors such as offshore banking, information technology, and renewable energy.

Government and Politics

Saint Lucia is a sovereign parliamentary democracy and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The island operates under a constitutional monarchy, with a governor-general representing the British monarch as the head of state. The Prime Minister serves as the head of government and is responsible for the administration of the country. Saint Lucia’s political system is characterized by free and fair elections, with multiple political parties vying for power through democratic processes.

Environmental Conservation

Preserving its natural beauty and biodiversity is a priority for Saint Lucia. The island is home to several protected areas, including the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Pitons Management Area, which encompasses the iconic volcanic peaks of Gros Piton and Petit Piton. Efforts to promote sustainable development and environmental conservation include initiatives to protect marine ecosystems, mitigate climate change impacts, and promote eco-tourism.

Yearbook 1998

In 1998, Saint Lucia was a small developing nation with a population of just over 150,000 people. The economy was largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, as well as exports of bananas and other commodities. Despite its small size, poverty was still widespread and life expectancy at birth was just 72 years old. Education levels were low and health care services were inadequate in many parts of the country. In terms of infrastructure, roads were poor and telecommunications services were limited to urban areas only. Despite these challenges, Saint Lucia had made some progress in recent years by introducing reforms to improve economic growth and reduce poverty levels. This included reforms to the banking sector and foreign investment laws as well as steps to increase access to primary health care services for all citizens. Additionally, since 1979 Saint Lucia had been transitioning from a colonial state towards a more open market-based economy which had been gradually improving living conditions throughout the country.

The capital of St. Lucia is Castries. In January 1999, Lucia, along with several other countries, declined to support the United States proposal in the WTO on sanctions against the EU for the preferential treatment of bananas from the Caribbean against bananas from Latin America.

In 2000, one nun was killed and 13 others injured during an attack on a church in Castries. The churchgoers were attacked with machetes and the church subsequently burned down. The attackers subsequently stated that: “God had ordered them to carry out the attack because of the Catholic Church’s corruption.”

In 2002, a tropical hurricane destroyed nearly half of the banana harvest. In some areas entire plantations were destroyed.

In 2004, 2 British who visited the island were sentenced to 6 years in prison for attempting to smuggle 2½ kg of cocaine out of the country. The drugs were tied around the two-person arms around the stomach and were to be transported to London.

In July 2005, the government declared that it would put forward a joint plan with Venezuela to combat drug smuggling. Prime Minister Kenny Anthony and Foreign Minister Petrus Compton were to lead negotiations with Venezuela.

The December 2006 election was won by the UWP with Sir John Compton in the lead. The UWP got 11 of the 17 seats in parliament.

Saint Lucia Capital