Panama. In January, the last US troops left the Querry Heights military center under the 1977 agreement governing the US presence and the Panama Canal surrender to Panama on December 31, 1999. Panama-US negotiations to make the old US air base Howard the center for the fight against drugs were later added down without agreement. Instead, the country’s entrepreneurs suggested that the base be converted into a distribution center for goods.
In a referendum in August, the Panamans voted against a constitutional amendment that would have given President Ernesto Pérez Balladares the right to re-run for president in the 1999 elections. Congress had previously approved the constitutional amendment.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Panama is Panama City. The United States Supreme Court rejected an appeal from Panama’s former leader, General Manuel Noriega, who is jailed in Florida. The court upheld the previous sentence of 40 years in prison for drug smuggling and bribery.
Panama was hit in October by Hurricane Mitch’s progress but not to the extent of neighboring countries in the north.
Area: 75,320 km2 (world rank: 116)
Population density: 54 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 129)
Capital: Panamá (Panama)
Official languages: Spanish
Gross domestic product: 61.8 billion US $; Real growth: 5.4%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 13,100 US$
Currency: 1 Balboa (B /.) = 100 Centésimos (legal tender: US$)
Wichmannstr. 6, 10787 Berlin
Telephone 030 22605811,
Fax 030 22605812 www.botschaft-panama.de
Head of State and Government: Juan Carlos Varela RodríguezIsabel Saint Malo de Alvarado
National holiday: 3.11.
10 provinces and 3 comarcas (autonomous indigenous territories)
State and form of government
Constitution of 1972
Parliament: Legislative assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) with 71 members, election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state. every 5 years (no immediate re-election)
compulsory voting from 18 years of age
Population: Panamanians, last census 2010: 3,405,813 residents
approx. 32% European-indigenous, 27% European-African, 14% Afro-indigenous, 10% European, 8th % indigenous (Guaymi / Ngöbe-Buglé, Kuna, Emberá, etc.), 5% African, 4% Asian
Cities (with population): (As of 2010) Panamá 430,299 residents (A 0.9 million), San Miguelito 315,019, Las Cumbres 127,440, La Chorrera 118,521, Tocumen 113,174, Pacora 103,960
Religions: 86% Catholics, 10% Protestants; Muslims, Jews (as of 2006)
Languages: 87% Spanish; indigenous languages (including Guaymi, Chibcha); English
Employees by economic sector: agriculture. 15%, industry 18%, business 67% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 4.5%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.9%
Foreign trade: import: 20.3 billion US$ (2017); Export: 11.5 billion US $ (2017)