Niger. Former Prime Minister Hama Amadou and two other leading opposition politicians were arrested in January accused of planning to assassinate President Ibrahim Baré Mainassara. They were released on bail but threatened with prosecution.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Niger is Niamey. Demonstrations against the president in April led to violence that was defeated by security forces. In both February and May, soldiers revolted against missing wages. The financially hard-pressed state was in May six months after paying salaries to the government employees, but managed to pay the soldiers and thus restore calm.
The 1995 ongoing process of making peace with separatist guerrillas among the Tuareg and Toubou people was completed in 1997. The last of 15 rebel movements laid down weapons in exchange for amnesty and pledged to be included in the army.
In August, the political opposition also quenched its conflict with the military-dominated government after promising, among other things. fair access to the state media and a review of the electoral laws.
In October 1997, Ali Sabo – coordinator of the “Front of Reconstruction and Defense of Democracy” activities, which included eight opposition parties – was jailed for hostile statements against Mainassara. In November 1997, Ibrahim Hassane was appointed prime minister instead of Cissé. A month later, a ceasefire agreement was concluded in Algeria between the government and the Tuareg guerrillas.
In early 1998, Mainassara ordered the detention of several people from the opposition, including Amadou, under allegations of conspiracy. The unity party “The National Movement for the Developing Society” rejected the allegations and described them as a maneuver to divert the domestic and foreign public from the government’s inability to solve crucial issues such as hunger, falling wages and security. Throughout the year there were constant demonstrations against the government by students, soldiers and civil servants. In some districts, the Supreme Court canceled the outcome of the March 1999 election and ruled out new elections. After a tense week in which the opposition called on Mainassara to step down, the Presidential Guard assassinated him on April 4, and the coup’s leader, Daouda Malam Wanke, was appointed President and Chief of the National Council for Reconciliation to govern the country for a transitional period of 9 months. The National Assembly, dominated by members of the Bares party, was dissolved by Prime Minister Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, and all political parties were temporarily dissolved.
The international community put great pressure on the country to bring it back to democratic states. In October, the first round of elections was held, and the second round of elections in November was won by former officer Tandja Mamadou of MSND. He won very clearly over former Prime Minister and Spokesman for Parliament, Issoufou Mahamadou. Mamadou was inaugurated as President on January 1, 2000.
Mamadou’s government faced many problems. One of these was the unbridled hunt for endangered animal species, including giraffes, hippos and lions. This hunt is widespread in the northern arid areas of the country. In February 2001, Environment Minister Issoufou Assoumane declared that over the past 10 years, a massacre of animals in the country had taken place, that the government would intervene in the hunt and restrict the issue of hunting permits. Another practice that Parliament banned the following year was female circumcision practiced by some ethnic groups. According to 1999 studies, 20% of the country’s women are circumcised.
Despite the agreements with the Tuaregans, the violence continued. In July and August 2003, a series of armed clashes ensued over the control of the secret trade in oil and petroleum products in the Niger Delta. The fighting cost 50-100 lives.