Nicaragua. According to Countryaah, the capital of Nicaragua is Managua. Former President and current leader of the Sandinist Party, Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN), Daniel Ortega struggled during the year for his honor after his stepdaughter accused him of sex abuse. The accusations created severe political contradictions. Ortega claimed that he was subjected to a riot by political opponents, and his confidence in him seemed to be firm in the Sandinist Party. In May, he was re-elected as FSLN’s leader.
In February, 3,000 doctors went on a protracted strike and demanded substantial pay raises. After a month, the government declared the strike illegal and dismissed the majority of the strikers. In June, a settlement was reached which included, among other things. contained a hundred percent pay raise.
During the year, the Paris Club granted Nicaragua considerable debt relief since the country has succeeded in meeting large parts of the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) requirements for the restructuring of the economy.
In elections in the autonomous Atlantic coast in March, the ruling Liberal Partido Liberal Constitutionalist (PLC) received the most votes after a very low turnout, only 57%.
The violent forest and grass fires that ravaged Central America also hit Nicaragua and reached its peak in May/ June when the capital of Managua’s international airport was closed during periods. The fires occurred as a result of the most severe drought in 70 years in combination with the weather phenomenon of El Niño. In October, Nicaragua was hit by one of the country’s most severe natural disasters when Hurricane Mitch emerged. At least 1,300 people were killed, most in an area in the northwest by the Casitas volcano, which was hit by a large landslide.
Controversial law adopted
Parliament adopts a law which, according to critics, aims to prevent opposition politicians from participating in the 2021. Election. It excludes people who “ask for or support sanctions against the Nicaraguan state” from participating in the election. Furthermore, it prevents people who support a coup, changes the constitution, encourages foreign interference or finances foreign powers that plan terrorist acts or destabilization. President Daniel Ortega is expected to run for a fourth term in the November election.
Another hurricane pulls in
Hurricane Iota pulls in from the Caribbean, just two weeks after the previous hurricane, Eta, during what has been a record year for the number of named tropical cyclones in the Atlantic. Iota is also the first to reach category 5, the highest on the scale measuring hurricane strength. Eta, which also affected Central America, was a Category 4 hurricane. The two hurricanes have affected millions of people, mainly in Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala. Tens have died, hundreds of thousands have been driven from their homes, and major damage has been done to buildings, arable land and infrastructure.