In 1998, Nauru was an independent island nation located in the South Pacific with a population of around 11,000 people. The economy was largely based on its phosphate mining industry, with some services also contributing significantly. The government was a parliamentary republic with strong emphasis on civil rights and freedoms. In terms of infrastructure, Nauru had access to roads and airports as well as telecommunications networks. Health care was quite good in most parts of the country due to its high standard of living. Education levels were quite high compared to other countries in the region due to significant investments made into public education as well as private universities. Additionally, its unique culture and abundance of natural beauty made it a popular destination for international tourists in the late 1990s. All in all, Nauru’s potential for growth and development were evident despite its challenges in 1998 thanks to its strong economic foundation and governmental stability. See dentistrymyth for Nauru in the year of 2015.
Nauru. On June 18, Bernard Dowiyogo was elected new president after Kinza Clodumar lost a vote of no confidence in Parliament. According to local sources, there was a strong dissatisfaction among MPs with the extensive reforms Clodumar tried to push through. According to Countryaah, the capital of Nauru is Yaren District. Dowiyogo previously held the presidential office for four periods, most recently for two weeks in November 1996.
In July 2002, Nauru established diplomatic relations with China. Taiwan responded again by 2 days later severing diplomatic relations with Nauru. In return, Nauru received an aid package of DKK 130 million. US $ from China.
After struggling for office with René Harris, in January 2003, Bernard Dowiyogo took over the presidential post and described the situation in the country as critical. Dowiyogo died as early as March after a heart surgery. Ludwig Scotty was elected president in May, but was given a vote of no confidence in Parliament a short time later. He was replaced in August by René Harris.
In December 2003, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) expressed its concern at the hundreds of refugees – predominantly Afghans but also Iraqis, including 90 children – detained in Nauru. Some of them for over 2 years.
On June 23, 2004, Harris was dismissed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament, and replaced by the post of Ludwig Scotty.
In May 2005, Nauru decided to restore diplomatic relations with Taiwan, which had otherwise been interrupted since 2002. The decision led to Chinese anger, and China declared that Nauru’s decision was based solely on the desire for “material gains”. That same year, the country’s only airplane was taken over by a North American bank as Nauru was unable to pay interest and installments on the machine.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does NRU stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Nauru.
A WHO report in February 2006 pointed out that Asia in particular is ravaged by a diabetes epidemic and that the South will continue to spread over the next 2 decades. The report also pointed out that Naura is the country in the world that has the most diabetes cases in terms of population.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Island state of Oceania. At the last census, which dates back to 1992, the population was estimated at 9919 residents; there is no real capital, Yaren is the main center and seat of government.
For years Nauru’s greatest economic activity was represented by the exploitation of large phosphate deposits, however, following their exhaustion, the country was left without resources and entered an unprecedented financial crisis. All consumer goods have to be imported and the island produces practically nothing. The income that the extractive industry had generated since the 1970s has been squandered without any real policy of diversification of productive activities being initiated. Suspicions of collusion with international terrorist circles have concentrated on the country, consequently the United States has banned all contact with the island. Since 2001 one source of income is represented by the reception camp that Australia has set up for immigrants seeking political asylum in the country. *