Mozambique 1998

Mozambique Capital

Yearbook 1998

Mozambique. According to Countryaah, the capital of Mozambique is Maputo. Mozambique, one of the world’s poorest countries and Sweden’s largest aid country, suffered a severe setback in the summer when the opposition party RENAMO (Resistência Nacional Mozambicana) boycotted the local elections. The hope of the aid countries, which paid for the elections, was that they would help to decentralize the administration and promote democratic development by strengthening municipal self-government. Instead, RENAMO’s boycott led to serious fears for the 1999 parliamentary elections, where the big issue is precisely the cooperation between government and opposition. The boycott is not because the ruling FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Mozambique) exerts repression – the government has generally shown maturity and tolerance. Instead, part of the problem seemed to be that RENAMO has not really managed to transform itself into a capable political party. Many political analysts felt that the government must review the electoral law and the constitution in order to promote political stability.

Both FRELIMO and RENAMO have their roots in guerrilla groups – FRELIMO was formed in 1962 and fought the Portuguese colonial empire until independence in 1975, when the organization formed a Marxist regime. RENAMO arose as a result of dissatisfaction with the FRELIMO regime and was supported by the then Rhodesia and South Africa. In the early 1980s, the parties began a devastating civil war, ending in a peace treaty in 1992. At the first general election in 1994, FRELIMO won, and RENAMO received 38% of the vote. The fact that RENAMO abandoned war for politics was probably to some extent due to the fact that its leaders received great gifts in the form of money, houses and cars, but they have since failed to create a solid political organization.

  • Abbreviationfinder: What does MOZ stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Mozambique.

Foreign debt at the end of the year was $ 5.5 billion, about four times as much as the country’s GDP. But rapid economic growth continued, and the inflation rate was below 6% for the first time. Mozambique has, with the help of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), been included in a debt amortization program with the aim of reducing the debt burden.

Mozambique Capital

Dictionary of History

Mozambique A southern African state, bordering Tanzania to the North, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe to the West, Rep. Of South Africa and Swaziland to the SW and S. Mozambique is mainly inhabited by Bantu groups of Christian religion or linked to animist cults. The Muslim minority lives along the coast, fruit over the centuries of mixed unions between Bantu and Arab or Indian settlers (➔ Swahili). From the 16th century. Portuguese rule extended to the homonymous island (1507) and to other Swahili centers (➔ Kilwa ; Mombasa). The control of the long-distance trade in slaves or ivory and the agricultural exploitation of the territory was entrusted to the large trading companies and the prazeros (➔ prazo). Only in the 17th century. colonization extended to the Monomotapa kingdom and its mineral resources on the plateau. It was administered by the Portuguese Indies until 1752, when the Portuguese East African Administration was established. The Mozambique became a colony in 1930 and overseas territory in 1951. Under the leadership of EC Mondlane and then of S. Machel, the FRELIMO began the armed struggle against the ultracolonialism of Lisbon (1964), gaining independence in 1975 following the fall of the Salazarist regime (1974). There followed the long civil war that opposed the Marxist-Leninist government of FRELIMO, close to the USSR, and the Resistencia nacional moçambicana (RENAMO) backed by the Western bloc, the Republic of South Africa and, until 1980, by Southern Rhodesia. Machel’s death in an obscure plane crash (1986), the new President of the Republic J. Chissano dampened the ideological reference to socialism and launched the new Constitution (1990) which introduced the distinction between state and party, opening up to multi-partyism and democratization resulted in the Peace of Rome (1992). The 1994 elections, however, handed Mozambique to the monopoly of FRELIMO, preserved at the cost of increasing corruption. Five years of negotiations between FRELIMO, RENAMO and various civil society groups resulted in the constitutional reform of 2004: FRELIMO was confirmed at the helm of Mozambique in the 2005 elections, while at the top of the Republic Chissano was replaced by AE Guebuza, then re-elected in 2009. The end of apartheid in South Africa made it possible to improve relations with the regional power of southern Africa. The good relations with the United Kingdom, on the other hand, favored the admission of Mozambique to the Commonwealth (1995). With a predominantly agricultural economy and strongly linked to international aid, Mozambique remains a very poor country which suffered a slowdown in its demographic growth at the beginning of the 21st century. due to the AIDS epidemic.