Morocco. As a result of the November 1997 parliamentary elections, Socialist veteran Abderrahmane Youssoufi was appointed new Prime Minister in February. It was the first time in King Hassan II’s 37 years as regent as an opposition leader he became prime minister. According to Countryaah, the capital of Morocco is Rabat. Youssoufi’s party USFP, the Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires, became the largest in parliament with 57 out of 325 seats. The government came to consist of seven parties, from socialists and former communists to royalists, as well as several independent members. Former Prime Minister Abd al-Latif Filali became Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. In the government statement, Youssoufi pledged to resolve the conflict over Western Sahara, strengthen relations with the other North African countries and assert M’s claim to the two Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla. He also promised social improvements, increased respect for human rights and help to Berber who want to develop his culture. However, assessors considered that the policy was unclear.
In May, Youssoufi lifted house arrest for Abd as-Salam Yasin, leader of the country’s largest Islamist group al-Adl wa-l-ihsan (Justice and Charity). Yassine had been in house arrest since 1989. Islamism is growing in Morocco, among others. because of the country’s economic problems, but it is not militant. Another manifestation of the difficult economic situation is the flight from the country. According to official figures, about 300,000 people leave Morocco each year. Most are young – almost 90% of Moroccans aged 20-29 want to leave the country, an opinion poll showed in March. The flight can be dangerous. In 1998, Spanish authorities estimated that about 1,000 Moroccans had drowned during the crossing to Spain over the past five years.
A Spanish passenger plane crashed in northern Morocco in September. All 38 aboard died, two Moroccans and the rest Spaniards.
Area: 446,550 km2 (world rank: 57)
Population density: 80 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 39)
Capital: Ar-Rabat (Rabat)
Official languages: Arabic, Tamazight
Gross domestic product: 109.1 billion US $; Real growth: 4.1%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 2863 US$
Currency: 1 dirham (DH) = 100 centimes
Niederwallstr. 39, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 2061240,
Fax 030 20612420
Head of State: Mohammed VI., Head of Government: Saad Eddine El Othmani, Exterior: Nasser Bourita
National holiday: 30.7. (Accession to the throne of King Mohammed VI 1999)
State and form of government
Constitution of 2011
Constitutional monarchy with elements of parliamentary democracy
State religion: Islam
Parliament: Chamber of Deputies (Majlis an-Nuwaab / Chambre des Représentants) with 395 members (60 seats for women reserved), choice every 5 years; Counselors (Majlis al-Mustascharin / Chambre des Conseillers) with a maximum of 120 indirectly elected for 6 years Mitgl, Part election every 2 years..
Voting age 18 years
Population: Moroccans, last census in 2014: 33,848,242 residents.
approx. 60% Moroccans of Arab origin, 30-40% Berbers; approx. 60,000 foreigners (mainly French, Spanish, Italians, Tunisians and Algerians)
Cities (with population): El-Aaiún As of 2014: 217,732 residents.
Religions: 99% Sunnis; Minorities of Christians, Jews, Shiites and Baha’i (as of 2006)
Languages: 60% Arabic; Berber languages (Tachelhit, Tamazight, Tarifit, etc.); French, Spanish
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 37%, industry 20%, business 43% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 9.3%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.8%
Foreign trade: Import: 44.9 billion US $ (2017); Export: 25.3 billion US $ (2017)