Mongolia 1998

Mongolia Capital

Yearbook 1998

Mongolia. In April, Prime Minister Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan resigned following a settlement within the bourgeois government coalition and was replaced by Tsahiagijyn Elbegdordj. One of his first steps was to merge a bankrupt state bank with a privately owned bank. This led to the ex-Communist Party of the Mongolian Revolutionary Party boycotting the parliament for eight weeks. The party claimed that the merger was against the Constitution and that government members had personal interests in the private bank. In July, Elbegdordj’s government was cast in a distrustful vote.

According to Countryaah, the capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. The government crisis developed into a power struggle between socialist President Natsagiyn Bagabandi and the expedition government. Bagabandi rejected a number of proposals for new prime minister and the government said no to the presidential candidates. The crisis mood deepened when the Minister of Infrastructure, Sanjaas邦rengyn Zorig, was assassinated in October.

During the government crisis, the country’s economic situation deteriorated. The deficit in the trade balance increased rapidly, due to both the drop in copper prices and the abolition of import duties in 1997.

Only in December was the death toll broken when the capital, Ulaanbaatar’s 41-year-old mayor Janlavyn Narantsatsralt, could be appointed prime minister.

Climate

Extremely continental climate with cold and dry winters and warm summers with plenty of rainfall. In Ulan Bator, the average January temperatures are -25.6 ° C, those in July are 16 ° C. The precipitation amounts to 205mm per year. Natural resources.

Genghis Khan created a giant kingdom

Eight hundred years ago, a mighty kingdom was born on the steppes of Mongolia, unmatched in world history. Its sphere of influence extended from Southeast Asia to Poland and Hungary and from the Yellow Sea to the gates of Moscow. The state was divided into four major regions: southern Russia, i.e. Orda, Persia, Central Asia, and East Asia, from which the Mongols were native, and to which were also annexed the states located in what is now China. The creator of the greatness of the Mongol Empire was the Genghis Khan, who was able to unite groups of nomads who moved apart and fought against each other. After the death of Kaan in 1227, his four sons and numerous grandsons continued a policy of warlike conquest. Grandpa’s devout wish to conquer China was fulfilled by a grandson named Kublai. He moved the Mongolian capital, Karakorum, to what is now Beijing and gave it the name Khanbalik. Our perception of Kublai Khan is largely based on Marco Polo’s travelogue. It is believed that this Venetian merchant spent twenty years in the court of Kaan and served as his ambassador in various parts of the great kingdom.

How, then, did the best million people succeed in conquering all of Asia-wide and its great cities, such as Samarkand or Baghdad, and flooding all the way to the gates of Vienna? The success of the Mongols was based on excellent riding and fighting skills, a great messaging system, and the cruel reputation that preceded them. The surrender was spared, but the opponents were destroyed until the last man – often until the last woman and child. However, the merchants were left untouched and during the Mongol Empire, Pax Mongolica prevailed, a time of peace that also allowed flowers of different religions to flow freely. Originally practicing shamanistic natural religions, the Mongols converted in some parts of the great kingdom to Buddhists, while in others to Muslims or Christian Nestorians.

Mongolia Capital