Mauritius. According to Countryaah, the capital of Mauritius is Port Louis. The Mauritius Labor Party (MLP) won an election in April with 41.5% of the vote. But even the opposition party Mouvement Socialiste Mauricien (MSM) was able to note a success as the party leader and former Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth received support from 37.5% of the electorate.
During the year, it appeared as if the MSM and Mouvement Militant Mauritius (MMM) were about to form a political alliance ahead of the 2000 parliamentary elections. was accused of increasing corruption. The government was also criticized for the slow pace of economic reforms. At the same time, it became clear that the contradictions within the government were increasing and that there was a great dissatisfaction with Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam.
In the fall, it was reported that major damage has occurred on coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. in the waters around Mauritania The reason was stated to be that the climate has become warmer, which was linked to the weather phenomenon of El Niño.
The spectrum of the peoples of Sugar Island
Surrounded by small volcanic coral reefs, Mauritius is a haven for the leisurely holidaymaker. It is located about 800 kilometers east of Madagascar and belongs to the Mascarene archipelago. The island is mountainous, and only to the north are wide coastal plains. Man has almost completely destroyed the original stand. The tropical climate is warm and humid, with the rainy season running from January to May.
While sailing along the coast of Africa, the Portuguese also boarded the island of Mauritius, but never settled there permanently. Only to the Cape Town of South Africa
the settled Dutch established settlements on the island and named it after Prince Maurice. The Dutch enjoyed Mauritius for only a hundred years, but when they left the island in the early 18th century, they had killed a large flightless dodo.-bird. The new hosts of the island were the French of the neighboring island of Réunion. They started planting sugar cane and coffee. To that end, slaves were produced from the mainland. The Congress of Vienna gave the island in 1815 to the British, who had taken it over during the Napoleonic Wars. However, Frenchness and a peculiar Creole culture and language survived. When slavery ceased, sugar cane plantations began to bring cheap labor from India. As Chinese and Arab sugar traders also settled on the island, the multiracial society of Mauritius began to come together. Today, Mauritius is the most densely populated region in Africa. Indians make up more than half of the population and Creoles, or descendants of white and colored, make up more than 40 percent of them. Although English is the official language, two-thirds of the population speaks Creole French as their first language. Bihari and other languages of Indian origin are also spoken on the island. Half of the population admits to being Hindu.
Mauritius gained independence in 1968 with the British ruler as its formal principal. In 1992, the country became a republic and was taken over by the president. Sugar is still an important export for a well-off state, but Mauritius also exports a lot of textiles and cut flowers.