Marshall Islands [ m ɑ ː ʃ l], official name: Marshallese majol, English Republic of the Marshall Islands [r ɪ p ʌ bl ɪ k əv də m ɑ ː ʃ l a ɪ ləndz], German Republic of the Marshall Islands, State in the western Pacific, with (2019) 58,800 residents; The capital is Majuro.
The state comprises the archipelago of the same name, belonging to eastern Micronesia, divided into two rows of atolls stretching around 1,200 km in length with a total of 1,225 islands.
In 1998, the Marshall Islands was a small island nation located in the Pacific Ocean with a population of around 40,000. The country had a strong economy that was heavily reliant on foreign aid and fishing, with other industries such as tourism and manufacturing also contributing significantly. The government was a parliamentary republic with strong emphasis on the rule of law and civil rights. In terms of infrastructure, the Marshall Islands had good access to roads and electricity as well as telecommunications networks. Health care was also good in most parts of the country, though access to basic medical services was still limited in some rural areas. Education levels were quite low compared to other countries in the region due to limited resources available for educational opportunities for many Marshall Islanders. Despite its limitations, the Marshall Islands had several natural resources that could be tapped into for economic development including abundant reserves of tuna and other fish along its extensive coastline and forests for timber production. Additionally, its unique biodiversity made it a hotspot for conservation efforts in the late 1990s. All in all, the Marshall Islands’ potential for growth and development were evident despite its many challenges in 1998. See dentistrymyth for Marshall Islands in the year of 2015.
Marshall Islands. According to Countryaah, the capital of Marshall Islands is Majuro. Three ministers were forced in August to leave President Imata Kabua’s ministry after opposing the government and voting for a ban on gambling in the Marshall Islands. The layoffs joined the opposition in early September and issued a statement of no confidence in the government, the first in 19 years. The opposition demanded that Parliament (Nitijela) decide on the issue in a closed vote, which faced strong opposition from the government. The president and his supporters decided to boycott the sessions in Nitijela in protest, which meant that Parliament was no longer resolute. Only after six weeks, October 16, could the vote be taken. The government did well with an overweight vote.
The Marshall Islands prepared a formal appeal to the United States Congress for increased compensation to the country for damages caused by the US nuclear test in 1946-58.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does MHL stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Marshall Islands.
Bikini Atoll (World Heritage)
The 23 islands of the Bikini Atoll are together 6 km² in size. From 1946 to 1958, the United States of America carried out 67 tests with nuclear weapons there. The consequences are still visible today: There are numerous wrecks in the lagoon, and the radiation is still affecting nature and the population.
Bikini Atoll: Facts
|Official title:||Bikini Atoll nuclear test area|
|Cultural monument:||Area of 23 US atomic and hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific Ocean from 1946 to 1958; northernmost atoll of the Ralik group of the Marshall Islands, area of 6 km²; Lagoon 594 km²; 1946 Relocation of the population of the Bikiniatoll to the Rongerikatoll, 200 km to the east, return of the first residents in 1971; due to the immense destruction and radioactive contamination by the explosive force of approx. 7,000 Hiroshima bombs and the illness of the population in 1978 the area was again completely closed; exemplary of the devastation 60 m deep crater of the Bravo explosion of 1954; still uninhabitable today|
|Continent:||Australia and Oceania|
|Location:||Bikiniatoll, Ralik Group of the Marshall Islands, Polynesia|
|Meaning:||Memorable testimony to the destructive and devastating potential of the atomic bomb; preeminent document of the Cold War and the beginning of the nuclear age in human history; Reminder of the permanent damage to the local nature and population|