In 1998, Madagascar was a developing country with a population of around 14 million. The economy was largely agricultural, with rice and coffee as the main exports. The government was a multi-party democracy with a strong president at its helm. In terms of infrastructure, the country had fairly limited access to roads and electricity, though telecommunications were on the rise. Health care was also limited, especially in rural areas where access to basic medical services was difficult. Education levels were quite low, though the government had launched several initiatives to address this issue. Despite its limitations, Madagascar had many natural resources that could be tapped into for economic development, including abundant forests and fisheries along its extensive coastline. Additionally, Madagascar’s unique biodiversity made it a hotspot for conservation efforts in the late 1990s. All in all, Madagascar’s potential for growth and development were evident despite its many challenges in 1998. See dentistrymyth for Madagascar in the year of 2015.
Madagascar. In March, a referendum was held on constitutional amendments that would give the president increased power, and strengthen the regional power of the country’s six provinces. The opposition, fearing that President Didier Ratsiraka would use the referendum to legitimize the introduction of dictatorship, called for a boycott of it. According to Countryaah, the capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo. Voter turnout was about 70%, noticeably lower than in both the 1992 referendum, when the military dictatorship was abolished, and in the last presidential election in 1996. The constitutional changes were approved by a scarce margin.
In the May parliamentary elections, confusion arose in many polling stations when voters became aware that they had 400 parties and countless independent candidates to choose from, a total of 4,000 people who fought for Parliament’s 150 seats. Not until July did the President appoint the new Prime Minister, 44-year-old Tantely Andrianarivo, who until then was Deputy Prime Minister in charge of finance.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does MDG stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Madagascar.