Kuwait 1998

Kuwait Capital

Yearbook 1998

Kuwait. During the year, the power struggle between the government and certain members of the country’s parliament, especially Islamists, was made clearer. Since the government is completely dominated by the governing family and Parliament has no real power, the outcome was given. In mid-March, Islamic MPs announced a vote of no confidence in Information Minister Sheikh Saud Nasir Saud as-Sabah after admitting that books the Islamist opposition considered fighting Islam were sold at a book fair in the country. However, the entire government resigned before the vote was held. The Emir, Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad as-Sabah, asked Prime Minister Sheikh Sad al-Abd Allah as-Sabah to form a new government where Saud became Minister of Oil.

In June, a number of MEPs demanded a cross-examination of Interior Minister Sheikh Muhammad Khalid al-Hamad as-Sabah on a range of issues, from drugs to human rights. According to Countryaah, the capital of Kuwait is Kuwait City. The government rejected the claim because the interior minister, like several other ministers, is considered “sovereign” and therefore should not be subjected to parliamentary questioning.

As in other countries in the Persian Gulf, measures to expel illegal immigrants continued. In September, it was announced that Kuwait’s stateless Arab residents – Bedouins – would be offered a genetic test to prove their Kuwaiti origin. Those who did not turn out to be Kuwaiti would be forced to leave the country. However, one condition for passing the test was that it was registered at the 1965 census.

Country data

Area: 17,818 km2 (world rank: 153)

Population: 4,137,000

Population density: 232 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 127)

Capital: Al-Kuwayt (Kuwait)

Official languages: Arabic

Gross domestic product: US $ 120.1 billion; Real growth: -2.9%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 31,430 US$

Currency: 1 Kuwaiti dinar (KD) = 1000 Fils


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Head of State: Sabah al-Ahmed al-Jaber as-Sabah (15th Emir of Kuwait), Head of Government: Jaber al-Mubarak al-Hamad as-Sabah, Exterior: Sabah al-Khaled al-Hamad as-Sabah

National holiday: 25.2.

Administrative structure
6 districts; also neutral zone with Saudi Arabia

State and form of government
Constitution of 1962
Constitutional monarchy (emirate)
State religion: Islam
Islamic law (Sharia)
Parliament: National Assembly (Majlis al-Umma) with 65 members (50 elected, 15 ex officio), election every 4 years
suffrage from 21 years of age

Population: Kuwait, last census 2011: 3,065,850 residents approx. 36% Kuwait (of which 150,000-180,000 Bedouins); 64% foreigners

Cities (with population): (as of 2005) Qalib asch-Schuyukh 179,425 residents, As-Salimiyah 145,314, Hawalli 104,901, Al-Kuwayt (Kuwait) 31,574 (A 1.8 million)

Religions: Kuwait: mainly Muslims (70% Sunnis, 30% Shiites); Foreigners: mainly Muslims, minorities of Hindus, Christians, Buddhists and others (status: 2006)

Languages: Arabic; English

Workers by economic sector: agriculture. 4%, industry 27%, business 70% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 2.1%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 1.5%

Foreign trade: import: 33.6 billion US $ (2017); Export: 54.8 billion US $ (2017)

Kuwait Capital