Kiribati. According to Countryaah, the capital of Kiribati is Tarawa Atoll. A report from the South Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP) presented at the November Global Climate Summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, found that Kiribati is one of the countries most exposed to rising sea levels in the Pacific Ocean. Tombs and sacred sites have disappeared into the sea, while the farmers in Kiribati have been forced to abandon some saltwater-grown crops, which have also polluted the drinking water in many places. The greenhouse effect is often cited as a root cause. the global warming of the atmosphere.
The islands that today make up the Republic of Kiribati – formerly the Gilbert Islands – have been inhabited by the Melanesian people for millennia. In 1764, the Englishman Gilbert explored the islands, and from that they got their name for the following 200 years. In 1857 the missionaries arrived, and three years later the trade in coconut oil and cobra began, and in 1892 the islands were converted into a British “protectorate”. In 1915 they were administratively merged with the Alice archipelago (today Tuvalu) and thus became the colony of Gilbert & Alice Islands.
In 1916, Banaba joined the archipelago. It contained large amounts of guano – bird droppings – with a high phosphate content. This fertilizer was from 1920 extracted by the British Phosphate Commission, which exported it to Australia and New Zealand. During World War II, residents of Banaba were evacuated as the island was the scene of fierce fighting, and after the war they were not allowed to return, as the open recovery of the guano deposits eventually made the island uninhabitable.