Kiribati. According to Countryaah, the capital of Kiribati is Tarawa Atoll. A report from the South Pacific Regional Environment Program (SPREP) presented at the November Global Climate Summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, found that Kiribati is one of the countries most exposed to rising sea levels in the Pacific Ocean. Tombs and sacred sites have disappeared into the sea, while the farmers in Kiribati have been forced to abandon some saltwater-grown crops, which have also polluted the drinking water in many places. The greenhouse effect is often cited as a root cause. the global warming of the atmosphere.
The islands that today make up the Republic of Kiribati – formerly the Gilbert Islands – have been inhabited by the Melanesian people for millennia. In 1764, the Englishman Gilbert explored the islands, and from that they got their name for the following 200 years. In 1857 the missionaries arrived, and three years later the trade in coconut oil and cobra began, and in 1892 the islands were converted into a British “protectorate”. In 1915 they were administratively merged with the Alice archipelago (today Tuvalu) and thus became the colony of Gilbert & Alice Islands.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does KIR stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Kiribati.
In 1916, Banaba joined the archipelago. It contained large amounts of guano – bird droppings – with a high phosphate content. This fertilizer was from 1920 extracted by the British Phosphate Commission, which exported it to Australia and New Zealand. During World War II, residents of Banaba were evacuated as the island was the scene of fierce fighting, and after the war they were not allowed to return, as the open recovery of the guano deposits eventually made the island uninhabitable.
State of Micronesia, in the central-western Pacific, comprising three groups of coral atolls and a volcanic island, scattered in an oceanic belt that extends for over 20 ° of longitude. It was established in 1979, upon the achievement of the independence of the Gilbert Islands. In addition to the group of 16 Gilbert proper, it includes the island of Banaba (also called Ocean), as well as the islands of the Phoenix and the Equatorial Sporades, for a total area of 717 km 2. The population, of Melanesian stock, is made up of 72,298 residents (1990 census), more than two-thirds resident in Tarawa atoll, the largest of the Gilbert islands. Here is the capital Baraiki (2100 residents In 1985), which had been the residence of the British governor.
The lack of agricultural soil on the madreporic islands does not allow significant agricultural activities, and even the food products of ordinary use (rice, flour, etc.) must be imported. Coconuts (110,000 t in 1990) and copra (14,000 t) are the only significant resources whose surpluses are exported. Other income is ensured by the remuneration paid to fish for tuna in the territorial waters, as well as by an incipient tourist activity. Internal communications are made difficult by the great distance that separates archipelagos and islands (between the island of Banaba and the uninhabited atoll of Caroline, that is, between the two extreme points of the state, there is a distance of 4500 km). More or less regular scheduled flights connect the main islands to each other and, abroad, to the Fiji Islands,