Jordan. King Hussein, one of the heads of state in the world who has spent the longest time in his post, was cared for a large part of the year for lymph node cancer in the United States. He delegated the rule of the country to his brother, Crown Prince Hasan. At the same time, the king became less popular during the year. In February, the military turned down protests in the city of Maan in the southern part of the country. The protesters manifested their support for Iraq during the ongoing conflict with the UN but at the same time showed a dissatisfaction with the king’s rule. Many Jordanians believe that the king’s approach to the United States and the peace agreement with Israel in 1994 did not pay any dividends. J. has e.g. largely excluded from trade with the autonomous Palestinian territories, where Israel does several billion dollars every year. Nor do many Jordanians appreciate that the country has become the only Arab country apart from Egypt that has made peace with Israel.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Jordan is Amman. King Hussein has dealt with the protests. He has restricted freedom of the press in a way that the Supreme Court in January found contrary to the Constitution. A leading Islamist and regime critic, Layth Shubaylat, was sentenced in May to nine months in prison for rioting in connection with the February protests. The king pardoned him, but Shubaylat refused to be released. In August, the government resigned after it was discovered that one of the ministers had called on the capital of Amman’s residents to drink water, which then turned out to be poisoned. New Prime Minister Fayiz Tarawna was appointed new Prime Minister.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does JOR stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Jordan.
In May, Jordan and Syria signed an agreement to build a dam and a hydroelectric plant along the Yarmuk (Jarmuk) border. The dam will provide Jordan with an annual contribution of DKK 125 million. km 3 water. However, only 30% of the electricity will go to Jordan, the rest to Syria. The project, which will be financed by the World Bank, is estimated to cost SEK 3.4 billion.
The threat at the gates: the Islamic State
After the establishment of the caliphate by the Islamic State, Jordan finds itself particularly vulnerable to the Islamist threat. A high alert level justified by the protests and the events that are multiplying the summer of 2014 in the Jordanian city of Maan, Rusaifa and Zarqa, where the main centers is progressing support to the militant jihadism, and in particular to ‘ Is. An explosive situation that has alarmed the Amman authorities so much that, on the one hand, they have to monitor the dynamics in progress through national intelligence. in the immediate outskirts of the kingdom, on the other hand, to take precautions against the potential encroachment of jihadist troops on Jordanian soil. Faced with these concerns, the government’s response was immediate and firm: in addition to the strengthening of Jordanian troops on the border with Iraq and the arrest of several hundred dissident Salafists and jihadists returning from the Syrian conflict, new anti-terrorism and telecommunications laws which provide for more severe sanctions and the extension of the list of crimes classifiable as terrorist acts. Measures that have become necessary and that have found a political side also in the historical US ally. Amman fears, in fact, that IS is creating its own cell in the country aimed at overthrowing the reign of Abdullah II.