Ivory Coast. At the end of May, Mali’s Minister of Justice announced that about 10,000 children from his home country had been sold as slaves in neighboring Ivory Coast. According to Countryaah, the capital of Côte d’Ivoire is Yamoussoukro. These were children aged 8–16 who were sold to coffee and cocoa growers in Ivory Coast by their parents in the drought-affected Mali. The countries signed an agreement to fight illegal child trafficking.
In connection with the Ivory Coast celebrating its 38th anniversary as an independent nation in August, President Henri Konan Bédié issued an amnesty covering 3,600 of the country’s prisoners. The exceptions were those convicted of violent crimes, drug offenses or misappropriation of public funds. Amnesty, however, provided that the prisoner could set up a bail sum or repay any theft.
UN diplomat Aliounie Blondin Beyes was killed when his aircraft crashed on June 26 shortly before landing in the Ivory Coast administrative seat Abidjan. Beyes was on his way to the Ivory Coast during a tour he undertook among African states to gain a hearing for his Angola peace plan.
In December, parliamentary elections were held. The first since 2000. However, the election was boycotted by Gbabgo’s party FPI. However, the election campaign was peaceful, but turnout was low (35.9%). After the election victory, President Ouattara initiated a reform of the Armed Forces (FRCI) aimed at abolishing the impunity that had prevailed in previous years. But the reform did not reach the bottom. 2012 was characterized by continued assaults from both the FRCI and the state-backed Dozos militia on the one hand, and armed groups affiliated with Ghagbo’s FPI on the other. No one was accounted for the abuses committed. The armed conflict further escalated in June 2012 following the killings of 7 members of the UN peacekeeping force in the country (UNOCI) and 10 civilians in the southwestern part of the country committed by militia from Liberia.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does IC stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Ivory Coast.
In November 2012, President Ouattara replaced Prime Minister Ahoussou-Kouadio with former Foreign Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan.
In June 2014, the ICC announced that in July 2015, Laurent Gbagbo will stand trial for 4 charges of crimes against humanity. The ICC also asked for his wife, Simone Ghagbo, to be extradited from Côte d’Ivoire for prosecution.
In 2014, the authorities had lost control of significant parts of the country – especially in the north – which were instead ruled by armed gangs.
In March 2015, 78 supporters and family members of Laurent Gbagbo were brought to court in Abidjan. Including his wife Simone. 18 were acquitted and some were given conditional sentences. Simone Ghagbo was sentenced to 20 years in prison for “undermining state security”, participating in an undermining movement and public disorder. Genevieve Bro Grebé was sentenced to 10 years in prison for similar charges.
In October 2015, Ouattara was elected to a second term as president with 84% of the vote. The massive electoral victory was a consequence of divisions in the opposition that did not agree on whether to take part in the election or boycott it. Even the major opposition party FPI was divided. Some called for a boycott, while others called for participation. The party’s candidate Pascal Affi N’Guessan therefore only got 9% of the vote. In turn, the turnout was only 54.6%.