Haiti. According to Countryaah, the capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. President René Préval failed time after time to get his candidates for the Prime Minister’s post approved by Parliament. In the end, he received support for the nomination of Education Minister Jacques Édouard Alexis, and the hope was that it would end a long period of political deadlock filled with contradictions.
Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernández Reyna visited Haiti during the year, the first official visit between the countries in 70 years. The visit resulted in agreements on the fight against drugs, tourism and trade cooperation, as well as direct postal connections between the countries.
Haiti breathed life into an old border conflict with the United States and demanded the right to Navase Island five miles off the Haitian coast that the United States considers itself to be entitled to. The conflict is more than 100 years old.
Haiti was hit hard when Hurricane Georges advanced across the Caribbean in September, killing at least 90 people. Emergency assistance had difficulty reaching the affected, including because of Haiti’s inadequate infrastructure.
Martelly had led the election campaign on a pledge to restore the country’s military that had been defeated under Aristide in the 90’s. In August 11, he published a plan for military recovery. A plan that was met with criticism by national and international human rights organizations because of the military’s long tradition of coups and human rights violations.
In January 2011, the country’s former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc) returned to Haiti. Authorities launched an investigation to bring charges against Duvalier. Only in January 2012 did an investigating judge order an order whose content was that he should stand trial in a lower court accused of scamming US $ 300-800. But human rights violations, on the other hand, were outdated. Both Duvalier and human rights organizations appealed the ruling. The former to avoid being put on trial for fraud. The latter for bringing him to trial for human rights violations. The appeal was initiated in December 2012 and until May 13, a large number of witnesses were heard about Duvalier’s human rights violations. The dictator’s personal terrorist corps Tonton Macoutes had for decades terrorized political opponents and the civilian population as well. After May 13, however, the case stalled. However, on February 14, the Court of Appeals handed down an order overturning the 2-year-old order of the trial judge. The Court of Appeals declared that Duvalier could well be put on trial for crimes against humanity. However, the former dictator died of a heart attack in October 14, and although Called on Amnesty International to conduct the case against the dictator, the Haitian authorities decided to close it.
In February 2012, Martelly’s first prime minister, Garry Coniville, resigned after just 5 months on the post. He was replaced by Foreign Minister Laurent Lamothe. In March-April, Martelly was charged with corruption after it emerged that a Dominican contractor after the first round of elections had supported his election campaign with $ 2.6 million. US $ toward getting construction projects to be completed under Martelly. In November 2013, comprehensive demonstrations against the corruption and the high cost of living were conducted.
In 2013, Haiti called on European colonial states to pay compensation for the hundreds of years of slavery they had practiced on the American continent.
The rebuilding project after the earthquake has ended as a sham support for international aid work. Five years after the earthquake, 170,000 Haitians continue to live in refugee camps without proper sanitation; the money for reconstruction is more or less spent and the aid organizations are looking elsewhere. Western media are only interested in disasters for quite a few days, and the ongoing disaster in Haiti is therefore a non-history in Western media.
In 2013, Haiti, along with other Caribbean states, called on European colonial states to pay compensation and apologize for hundreds of years of slavery and slave trade. The call was ignored by the European states – including Denmark, which itself had made a crash on slavery and slave trade.