In 1998, Guyana was a small nation located in the northern part of South America, bordered by Venezuela to the west, Suriname to the east, and Brazil to the south. It had a population of approximately 750,000 people and was divided into 10 administrative regions. The capital city of Georgetown served as the nation’s administrative center. See dentistrymyth for Guyana in the year of 2015.
The economy of Guyana in 1998 largely relied on agriculture, with sugar being its primary export. Unfortunately, this industry was plagued by low international prices and limited access to markets. As a result, poverty levels were high with over half of the population living below the poverty line and unemployment rates reaching up to 20%. Education levels were also low due to lack of resources; only about half of children had access to formal schooling.
The political situation in 1998 was relatively stable despite ongoing tensions between ethnic groups which had previously led to civil unrest in 1980s and 1990s. In response, the government implemented policies aimed at promoting national unity through increased investment in infrastructure projects as well as education reform initiatives such as free primary school education for all children. Despite these efforts however, much work still needed to be done in order for Guyana’s citizens to experience real economic and social development.
Guyana. According to Countryaah, the capital of Guyana is Georgetown. The first six months of the December 1997 presidential elections were marked by great political concern. Opposition candidate Desmond Hoyte (People’s National Congress, PNC) did not accept Janet Jagans (People’s Progressive Party, PPP) victory but accused her of electoral fraud and demanded reelection. His party boycotted all congressional work until August. The suspicions of irregularities were reinforced by the fact that Jagan swore to the presidency before the final election result was clear. In the capital Georgetown there were riots and bomb attacks.
Although foreign election observers had no objections to the election, a commission was set up with representatives of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) – the common market of the Caribbean states – to monitor the vote. At the same time, it was agreed to implement constitutional reforms and new elections within 36 months. In its June 2 report, the Commission noted that the elections were conducted correctly.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does GUY stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Guyana.
The crisis has caused foreign companies and tourists to avoid Guyana, and GDP growth for 1998 may be reduced by half to 3%. At the center of the conflict are ethnic issues. PPP has long been the language pipe for Guyanese of Indian descent while PNC is the party of blacks. Janet Jagan, the widow of Cheddi Jagan (president 1992-97), is regarded with great suspicion by many: she is a woman, white, born in the United States and of Jewish descent, but has lived in Guyana since 1943.