Guinea. In mid-January, the Supreme Court rejected the opposition’s attempt to have a new electoral law annulled. According to Countryaah, the capital of Guinea is Conakry. The law prohibits candidates with dual citizenship from running for election in Guinea.
Unrest erupted at the end of January after 400 houses were demolished without warning in a residential area in northern Conakry. give way to new roads. The housing area was a stronghold for the opposition. When the situation was about to recur in nearby Kaporo two months later, it led to clashes between the opposition and the security forces. A police officer and eleven Kaporobor were killed. Some 60 people were later indicted, among others. a leading opposition politician, Mamadou Bah, who was sentenced in June to two months in prison. Three Muslim religious leaders were sentenced to two years in prison.
During the spring, trials were started against 96 officers involved in the coup attempt in 1996. Their lawyers objected that they had not been given enough time to prepare the process. Several of the defendants have stated that they were tortured.
At the beginning of March, there were approximately 440,000 refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone. New refugee flows from Sierra Leone and Guinea-Bissau came during the summer. In June, Gguinea sent about 400 soldiers to support the government side in the Guinea-Bissau civil war.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does GIN stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Guinea.
Prior to the December presidential election, two opposition parties formed a new party, Union pour le Progrès et Renouveau (UPR), and appointed Mamadou Bah as its candidate in the election. Sitting President Lansana Conté gained over 56%, and the opposition accused the regime of electoral fraud. The election day itself was calm, but the time around the election was concerned with violent clashes between supporters of various political parties. One of the most outspoken critics as well as presidential candidate Alpha Condé was arrested by the police the days after the election, which increased concern. At least eight people were killed and a hundred injured.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 27,970,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||8.20%|
|GDP per capita||$ 2,200|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||47%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||6.20%|
|Investment volume||12.5% of GDP|
|National debt||37.90% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 416,100,000|
Guinea is usually distinguished in northern Guinea, from Cape Verde to the Monti del Cameroon, and Guinea southern. The region appears as a whole, and especially in the northern section, as a low, uniform, marshy coast close to which rises, more imposing in the southern Guinea It is crossed by the lower course of large rivers (the largest are the Niger and the Congo). The climate is mainly equatorial or subequatorial, with high average temperatures, modest thermal excursions and abundant rainfall (even over 3000 mm per year), except in the southernmost stretch, where rainfall decreases until it drops, to the South of the Gulf of Benguela, below 500 mm.
The environment has two main formations: the savannah and the rain forest. In the first, in addition to the typical associations of herbaceous plants, there are sporadically large tree species (Ficus, Adansonia). The forest extends along the coast and along the rivers. Among the most characteristic species of this region are the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) and the vinifera (Raphia vinifera), the sterculiacea Coca acuminata, which provides the drug, several species of Ficus and Coffea. In the extreme southern section, arid, steppe and pre-desert formations appear. The fauna is very rich and interesting: in addition to gorillas and chimpanzees; there are various monkeys and lemurs, leopards together with other carnivores, elephants and hippos and even rhinos; many species of antelope and tragulids abound; among the notable rodents the flying squirrels (Anomalurus); extraordinarily abundant are birds (guinea fowl hens, parrots, musophaguses, turaci, etc.) and reptiles (pythons, crocodiles, large tortoises).
The first European settlement (1482), by the Portuguese, was San Giorgio de la Mina (od. Elmina) in the current Ghana and for several decades the Portuguese had the monopoly of colonization; later there were isolated French, English, Dutch, Danish settlements, etc. Guinea was one of the major slave supply centers for the new world. After numerous transfers and territorial transfers it ended up comprising only one state, the Liberia, otherwise returning to a series of French, Spanish, Portuguese, Belgian possessions and territories under English and French trustees, all of which became independent between the mid-1950s and the mid-1970s.
GULF OF Guinea Very wide inlet, improperly called gulf, of the Guinean coast, extending between Cape Palmas and Cape Lopez. The real gulfs of Benin and of Biafra, in which the last island rises Bioko. The transversal length of the gulf exceeds 300 km, with maximum seabeds over 5000 m. The submarine relief that joins the southern mid-Atlantic ridge to the Gulf of Guinea is called the Guinea ridge, with an average depth of around 3500-4000 m: it rises about a thousand meters above the valleys that delimit it. From it emerge the groups of the Príncipe islands, São Tomé, Annobón.
From the Gulf of Guinea originates the homonymous marine current which, heading towards NW, carries the waters along the Equator, constituting the northern arc of the south-Atlantic circuit.