Guinea. In mid-January, the Supreme Court rejected the opposition’s attempt to have a new electoral law annulled. According to Countryaah, the capital of Guinea is Conakry. The law prohibits candidates with dual citizenship from running for election in Guinea.
Unrest erupted at the end of January after 400 houses were demolished without warning in a residential area in northern Conakry. give way to new roads. The housing area was a stronghold for the opposition. When the situation was about to recur in nearby Kaporo two months later, it led to clashes between the opposition and the security forces. A police officer and eleven Kaporobor were killed. Some 60 people were later indicted, among others. a leading opposition politician, Mamadou Bah, who was sentenced in June to two months in prison. Three Muslim religious leaders were sentenced to two years in prison.
During the spring, trials were started against 96 officers involved in the coup attempt in 1996. Their lawyers objected that they had not been given enough time to prepare the process. Several of the defendants have stated that they were tortured.
At the beginning of March, there were approximately 440,000 refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone. New refugee flows from Sierra Leone and Guinea-Bissau came during the summer. In June, Gguinea sent about 400 soldiers to support the government side in the Guinea-Bissau civil war.
Prior to the December presidential election, two opposition parties formed a new party, Union pour le Progrès et Renouveau (UPR), and appointed Mamadou Bah as its candidate in the election. Sitting President Lansana Conté gained over 56%, and the opposition accused the regime of electoral fraud. The election day itself was calm, but the time around the election was concerned with violent clashes between supporters of various political parties. One of the most outspoken critics as well as presidential candidate Alpha Condé was arrested by the police the days after the election, which increased concern. At least eight people were killed and a hundred injured.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 27,970,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||8.20%|
|GDP per capita||$ 2,200|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||47%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||6.20%|
|Investment volume||12.5% of GDP|
|National debt||37.90% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 416,100,000|