Equatorial Guinea 1998

Equatorial Guinea Capital

Equatorial Guinea was a small West African nation in 1998, located on the Gulf of Guinea. It had a total area of 28,051 square kilometers and a population of around 500 thousand people. The population was largely composed of Fang, Igbo and Bubi ethnic groups, with minority groups also present. Spanish was the official language, though French and Portuguese were also spoken. The predominant religion in Equatorial Guinea was Christianity, with most people belonging to either the Roman Catholic or Protestant denominations. See dentistrymyth for Equatorial Guinea in the year of 2015.

The economy of Equatorial Guinea in 1998 was largely dependent on oil production and exports, as well as manufacturing activities which provided employment opportunities for many citizens. Education levels were relatively low in 1998 due to lack of resources and poverty levels within rural areas. Access to healthcare was also limited due to a lack of resources, though some government-funded health centers did exist in larger towns or cities. Despite these challenges, Equatorial Guinea had made considerable progress over the past decade towards economic development and political reform.

Yearbook 1998

Equatorial Guinea. In January, separatist unrest erupted on the island of Bioko. They were in contradiction between the two peoples bubi, who dominate numerically on Bioko, and fang, who dominate on the mainland. According to Countryaah, the capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo. The Bubi people have long protested against the prisoners’ control of the country’s political bodies. The government blamed the unrest, which cost seven people’s lives, on Miab, a separatist movement fighting for Bioko’s self-determination.

After the incidents, 400 people were arrested, several of whom were reportedly tortured severely. Of those arrested, 117 were tried in the spring. About half of them received prison sentences of between 6 and 25 years, while 15 people were sentenced to death in early June, according to Information Minister Lucas Nguema accused of terrorism.

  • Abbreviationfinder: What does GNQ stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Equatorial Guinea.

Country data

Area: 28,051 km2 (world ranking: 142)

Residents: 1,268,000

Population density: 45 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 155)

Capital: Malabo

Official languages: Spanish, French, Portuguese

Gross domestic product: 12.5 billion US $; Real growth: -3.2%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 7060 US$

Currency: CFA franc


Rohlfsstr. 17
19, 14195 Berlin
Telephone 030 88663877,
Fax 030 88663879 www.botschaft-aequatorialguinea.de

Head of State: Teodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoTeodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, Head of Government: Francisco Pascual Obama Asue, Appearance: Simeón Oyono Esono Angue

National Day: 12.10.

Administrative structure
7 provinces

State and form of government
Constitution of 1991
Presidential Republic
Parliament: Chamber of People’s Representatives (Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo) with 100 members, election every 5 years; Senate with 70 members (55 elected, 15 appointed by the President), election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 7 years (one-time re-election) Right to
vote from 18 years

Population: Equatorial Guineans, last census 2015 (preliminary): 1,222,442 residents over Bantu: 84% Fang, Benga and others on the mainland, 10% Bubi and 3000 Fernandinos in Bioko

Cities (with population): (as of 2015) Bata 312,000 residents, Malabo (Bioko) 257,000

Religions: 88% Catholics, 5% Protestants, 2 % Muslims; indigenous religions (status: 2006)

Languages: Spanish, French; Fang, Bubi, Ndowe, Portuguese Creole, Fernando Po (Pidgin-English) Employed

By economic sector: no information

Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.7%

Foreign trade: Import: 2.0 billion US – $ (2017); Export: 5.2 billion US $ (2017)

Equatorial Guinea Capital

Equatorial Guinea: West African state, consisting of an island part and a continental part. Among the smallest and least populated in Africa, the only one officially Spanish-speaking, inhabited by Bantu-speaking groups (the fang are predominant since the early 19th century) and descendants of Creole communities (Anglophone and Lusophone) on the islands, knew European presences from the century 15 °. The region was for a long time the scene of slave trade and forestry and plantation. The Spaniards bought the od. GE from Portugal in 1778. In the 19th century. the British tried to acquire the island of Fernando Pó as a base against the slave trade, but from 1844 Spain consolidated its presence. However, the continental section of the colony was affected by a real colonial presence only in the Franco era. In 1963 an autonomy process was started, until independence in 1968. President F. Macias Nguema established an authoritarian and violent regime (single party in 1970, presidency for life in 1972). Overturned from amilitary coup and executed (1979), succeeded by his nephew Colonel T. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, giving way to a new regime. The return to multi-partyism (1991) was in fact unexpected and Obiang Nguema was re-elected in 2002, 2004 and 2008. A very poor country for a long time, since the last years of the 20th century. GE has experienced dramatic growth as an oil producer; however, the extreme concentration of wealth meant that the mass of the population remained in a situation of poverty.