(Dominican Republic). State of Central America (48,311 km²). Capital: Santo Domingo. Administrative division: national district (1), provinces (30). Population: 10.183.339 (2012 estimate). Language: Spanish. Religion: Catholics 64.4%, non-religious / atheists 22.5%, other Christians 11.4%, others 1.7%. Monetary unit: Dominican peso (100 cents). Human Development Index: 0.700 (102nd place). Borders: Atlantic Ocean (N), Mona Channel (E), Sea of the Antilles (S), Haiti (W). Member of: OAS, UN and WTO, EU associate, DR-CAFTA.
The territory includes the central and eastern sections of the island of Hispaniola, the second largest in the Greater Antilles, and some smaller islands. The border with Haiti was defined on the basis of the treaties of 1926 and 1936. Its socio-economic conditions see it in an intermediate position in the world rankings of income and human development; this depends on the size and morphological configuration of the available space, but also on the culture of the population. After the fall of the thirty-year dictatorship of RT Molina (from 1930 to 1961), the advent to the government of social-democratic reformist forces coincided with the crisis of the 1980s, which forced the country into a very harsh austerity policy for the population, grown exponentially during the second half of the twentieth century. Until 2001, however, the Dominican Republic was one of the richest countries in the region, in full economic boom.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does DOM stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Dominican Republic.
Dominican Republic. The Social Democratic Party Partido Revolucionario Dominicano (PRD) won a superior victory in the local and congressional elections held in May. 62% of the votes cast a clear majority in both chambers of Congress. The party’s legendary leader, Jose Francisco Peña Gómez, who was also the vice-president of the Socialist International, was not allowed to experience the success because he died of cancer just before the election. The PRD also had great successes in the local elections.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo. Current President Leonel Fernández Reyna’s party The Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) received just under 30% of the vote. The major loser of the election was former President Joaquín Balaguer’s social-Christian party Partido Reformista Social Cristiano (PRSC).
President Leonel Fernández Reyna visited neighboring Haiti, the first official visit between the countries in 70 years. The visit resulted in agreements on the fight against drugs, tourism and trade cooperation, as well as direct postal connections between the countries.
When Hurricane Georges advanced across the Caribbean in September, Dominican Republic was hit hardest. The hurricane led to floods and landslides and at least 200 people died. More than half of the country’s bridges were destroyed and 1,000 people lost their homes.
Economy: Trade and Communications
The tertiary sector represents, after the slow decline of agricultural activities, the main economic resource of the country: it employs 63% of the active population and produces 57.7% of GDP (2006), largely thanks to income from tourism, also encouraged at the government level. The trade balance shows a net deficit: trade takes place mainly with the United States, followed by Venezuela, Colombo and Mexico, as regards imports (oil, machinery, food). Exports, on the other hand, for more than two thirds directed to the United States, mainly concern sugar, iron, nickel, plantation crops (coffee, cocoa and tobacco, especially cigars) and precious metals. EEC with the IV Lomè Convention. The orders of emigrants are also fundamental for the country’s economy. § The network of communication routes reaches a fair level, in particular for the road system, which extends for a total of 12,600 km (2000) and is based on three main road arteries, which branch off from the capital to the northern and western regions; the railways, whose development reaches 1743 km, are practically at the service of the large plantations, providing for the transport of agricultural products, in particular sugar, to port export centers. The largest maritime outlet in the country is the modernly equipped port of Santo Domingo, through which almost all the trade with foreign countries passes;