Djibouti was a small country located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia. It was just over 22,000 square kilometers in size and had a population of around 500,000 people. The majority of the population were ethnic Somali and Afar. Islam was the dominant religion, but there were also Christian and other religious minorities. The official language was French but Arabic and Somali were widely spoken as well. See dentistrymyth for Djibouti in the year of 2015.
The economy of Djibouti in 1998 was largely based on services such as transportation and communications. Fishing, agriculture, and livestock raising accounted for much of the rest of their GDP. The country had very little industry or manufacturing at this time so unemployment rates were high. Djibouti’s infrastructure was also limited with poor roads and limited access to electricity or water for most people living outside the capital city. Education levels in 1998 were low with only about half of school-aged children attending school regularly due to lack of resources and poverty levels within rural areas.
Djibouti. According to Countryaah, the capital of Djibouti is Djibouti. Moumin Bahdon Farah, former Minister of the Interior, Foreign and Justice, was arrested along with two government-critical journalists on suspicion of providing support to rebels, French media reported in early May. The three were suspected of having supported outlaws from the rebel group FRUD (Front of Reconstruction of Unity and Democracy) with weapons and money in the southern part of the country. FRUD made peace with the government in 1994, but outbreaks have since continued to try to fight the government side by force. Farah was jailed for six months 1996-97, convicted of insulting President Hassan Gouled.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does DJU stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Djibouti.
The smallest of the states of the Horn of Africa had assumed, in the early years of the 21st century, a growing strategic importance, becoming the main coordination center for US counter-terrorism operations in that geographical area and for surveillance activities. and control over permanent crisis situations, such as those relating to Somalia and Sudan, or of great geopolitical importance such as the Red Sea. The crucial position also represented Djibouti’s main resource, motivating the flow of development aid and the presence of an important French military contingent, stationed in the country since independence, to which he had joined in 2002 also a contingent from the United States. This situation had contributed to the achievement of relative political stability, even if the ethnic divisions and the poverty of a large part of the population continued to generate serious social unrest, further aggravated by the widespread diffusion among the population of qat, an exciting drug originating from the Ethiopia. The lack of a real democratic dialectic continued to condition the life of the country even after the definitive pacification, which took place in February 2000 with an agreement that put an end to the last outbreaks of guerrilla warfare, and after the introduction (September 2002) of a real multi-party regime with the elimination of the rule that limited to 4the number of political groups. After the legislative consultations of January 2003, in which the government forces won all 65 seats in Parliament with 62.7 % of the votes, the opposition boycotted the presidential elections (April 2005), won by the outgoing president IO Guelleh, denouncing the lack of minimum guarantees, intimidation and arbitrary arrest of journalists and opponents.