Czech Republic. The Olympic gold in ice hockey – the first in the Czech Republic – was the only gold-edged in Czech existence during a year of problems and accidents. The year must be labeled as the worst crisis year since the Communist Empire collapsed in the early 1990s.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Czech Republic is Prague. The crisis began in earnest in late 1997, when the right-wing government under Václav Klaus was forced to resign following a scandal involving illegal party support. As an expedition minister, an expert government was appointed with the former Governor of the Riksbank, the partyless Josef Tos̆ovský as prime minister. In addition, the Klaus Democratic Citizens’ Party (ODS, Obc̆anskáokratická strana) – the outbreakers in the new right-wing party Freedom Union (US, Unie Svobody) burst the former Interior Minister Jan Ruml as party leader.
It was with great need that President Václav Havel succeeded in being re-elected by Parliament for a second term in office. Among the doubts to choose if Havel heard his faltering health and a marked decline in popularity. During the year, Havel underwent several difficult operations, so serious that his life was considered to be in danger. Havel’s long convalescences and a marked decline in popularity led to speculation as to who might be the new president.
The new parliamentary elections in June – ordinary parliamentary elections would have been held in 2000 – did not lead to the clear political boundaries many hoped for. The earlier election resulted in a weak victory for the Social Democrats (CSSD, C̆eská strana sociálnĕokratická). New prime minister became Milos̆ Zeman, whose minority government passed the vote of confidence following an agreement with the largest opposition party, ODS, which cast its votes. The government has only 74 of Parliament’s 200 seats. A few months later, the ruling Social Democrats suffered a major defeat in the Senate elections. Democracy was also hit by an equally staggering defeat as only over 20% of voters voted.
The Czech economy has had major problems: declining growth, high unemployment and increasing budget deficits. The European Commission has criticized the Czech Republic for its state subsidies and for committed crimes against the Europe agreement entered into, among other things. agriculture. Strong criticism was once again directed at the country’s ruthless civil rights laws and a series of racist acts against the Roma.
In 2014, the Czech Republic tried to curb the EU’s aggressive rhetoric and sanctions policy towards Russia in the wake of the Western coup in UkraineIn february. The Czech Republic supported the sanctions, but together with Slovakia and Hungary tried to seek diplomatic solutions to the conflict rather than start a new cold war. In vain. EU sanctions against Russia triggered Russian sanctions targeting the EU. The Czech industry was heavily dependent on exports as subcontractors to German industry, and German industrial exports to Russia had fallen by 25% by the end of 2014. Russian sanctions against EU agricultural products also affected Czech exports of apples to Russia. By the end of the year, apple prices in the Czech Republic had fallen 25-30%. The Czech president was far clearer in his criticism of the EU’s sanctions policy, which he called a “loose-loose” strategy.
Without cause, European police assaulted and beat 300 participants in a peaceful demonstration in Prague on December 13, 2014. The demonstration ended in front of the former Social Clinic Klinika, which had previously been cleared by police.
The country continues to subject Roma to discrimination. In the schools, Roma are brought together in classes where they receive an inferior education in relation to the ethnic Czech children. In September 2014, the EU declared to the Commission that it would take legal steps to halt the continued discrimination against Roma by the Czech Republic.
There were a series of demonstrations at the end of March 2015 against an ongoing NATO exercise extending from the Baltic to the north, through Poland and into the Czech Republic. The exercise was aimed at Russia, which had taken the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine the year before. However, the protesters were in number against the many counter-protesters who supported NATO exercise.
The Czech Republic voted in September against the introduction of quotas in the EU for the distribution of refugees. President Zeman declared that the refugees were “a Muslim invasion of Europe organized by IS”. Since June, the radical right wing has organized actions aimed at refugees and immigrants in a number of major cities. The right wing was greeted by countermeasures by refugee friends. By October, only 700 refugees had entered the country due to intense surveillance of border crossings. They were interned in a center intended only to house 260. The center was run by uniformed police who at the same time demanded € 260 per person. refugee per month for food and stays. Both the country’s Ombudsman, the EU and the UN Commissioner for Human Rights criticized the Czech authorities for their treatment of the refugees and conditions at the center. The criticism was ignored. Instead, in November, the president took part in a radical right-wing demonstration in Prague facing refugees.