Costa Rica. In the February presidential election, the Socialist Party of Partido de Unidad Social Cristianias (PUSC) candidate Miguel Angel Rodrígues-Echeverría barely won over the ruling Liberal Party of Liberación Nacionals (PLN) José Miguel Corrales. The incumbent President José María Figueres Olsen (PLN) had sat for a term of office (four years) and thus was unable to run. The newly elected Rodrígues-Echeverría promised in his election campaign to improve the economy and limit inflation. He took office in May.
After having one of the world’s most extensive logging operations in the 1970s, Costa Rica managed to curb deforestation for the first time during the year. According to the Environment and Energy Agency, new planting was greater than harvesting.
An agreement was reached during the year between the banana workers’ union and the company Del Monte on improved rights and working conditions. This happened after massive international criticism with buying boycotts against Del Monte.
In June, the protracted border dispute around the San Juan River led to a diplomatic crisis between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. According to Countryaah, the capital of Costa Rica is San Jose. Nicaragua considered that Costa Rica was only allowed to use the river for commercial purposes, while the Costa Rican police were also using the river for patrolling to prevent Nicaraguan from entering the country illegally. Later, a settlement was reached that gave the Costa Rican police the right to patrol on the river, but only in the company of Nicaraguan patrol boats. The settlement was met by strong protests in Nicaragua. Costa Rica was hit in October by Hurricane Mitch’s progress but not as extensive as neighboring countries in the north.