Chad. Chad and Cameroon agreed in January to begin work on a pipeline from the oil fields in southern Chad to the Cameroonian Atlantic coast. But before oil production can start, political unrest in the south must cease; during the year there were both kidnappings and civil disputes between government forces and rebels.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 28,620,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||-3.10%|
|GDP per capita||2,300 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||80%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Top 10%||k. A.|
|Lower 10%||k. A.|
|Industrial production growth rate||-5.00%|
|Investment volume||24.7% of GDP|
|National debt||52.50% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 74,200,000|
|Number of visitors||122,000|
In March, human rights organizations blamed the government’s security forces for summary executions of civilians in the country’s southwest, and rebels were said to treat the locals barbarously. Seven human rights organizations subsequently got their offices in the capital, N’Djamena, surrounded by police, which forced them to cease their activities.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Chad is N’Djamena. Libyan leader Muammar al-Khadaffi was very active during the year in linking the countries of the Sahara and the Sahel region, among others. Chad, in close cooperation with Libya. In May, the country was visited by al-Khadaffi and the leaders of Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso, all members of the economic cooperation body Comessa. al-Khadaffi’s visit was preceded by opposition protests and violent student demonstrations.
In May, for the second year in a row, the government signed a ceasefire with the FARF guerrillas, the leading rebel movement in the south. The previous agreement did not hold.
One of the opposition MPs was sentenced in July to three years in prison and fined since he made bribery charges against the President of Parliament.
In September, the government sent at least 1,000 soldiers to Congo (Kinshasa) to participate on the government side in the civil war. The Chadians suffered severe defeats, and according to the rebels, about 200 Chadian soldiers were killed and many were taken prisoner. The Chadian opposition called on the government to take home the remaining troops.
Deadly violence between nomads and peasants
More than 20 people are killed when nomadic cattle once again clash with farmers in southern Chad. The death toll is about the same on both sides. Several villages are set on fire. About 70 people were arrested by the police in connection with the violence. The reason for the outbreak of violence is cattle theft and the fact that the nomadic herds of cattle trample the farmers’ farms.
Twelve newspapers are closed
The authorities close twelve newspapers, five French-speaking and seven Arabic-speaking, for three months because they violate a law from 2018 that says publishers and editors-in-chief must have at least three years of college education and education in journalism. If the newspapers do not remedy these shortcomings within three months, “tougher sanctions” await.