In 1998, the Central African Republic (CAR) was a landlocked country located in Central Africa. It had a population of around 3 million people and its capital was Bangui. The official language of the CAR was French but many other local languages were also spoken. The economy of the CAR was largely based on agriculture, forestry and mining. The government was a unitary republic with an elected president as the head of state. In 1998, the President of the CAR was Ange-Félix Patassé. Although the country still faced many challenges such as poverty, corruption and inadequate infrastructure, there were signs that progress was being made towards a more prosperous future. In particular, the CAR had seen significant economic growth in recent years due to increased foreign investment which had led to increased employment opportunities across the nation. Additionally, the government had implemented various reforms aimed at improving living standards and reducing poverty levels throughout the country. See dentistrymyth for Central African Republic in the year of 2015.
Central African Republic. In March, the UN Security Council appointed a 1,350 peacekeeping force to replace a French-led African troop that monitored the ceasefire entered into in February 1997 following a year of army revolts. The UN force was named MINURCA (Mission des Nations Unies en République Centrafricaine). The political reconciliation process continued with the formation of an independent election commission in July. However, the fact that the President of the Commission was directly appointed by President Ange-Félix Patassé caused some protests from politicians who questioned his impartiality.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Central African Republic is Bangui. Parliamentary elections were held in November and December without more serious disruptions. Neither Patassé’s ruling party The Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (Mouvement pour la Liberatión du Peuple Centrafricain, MLPC) nor an opposition alliance, formed after the first round of elections and consisting of eight parties, gained no majority. The opposition initially said it had received enough support from partyless members to form a government, but a week later, Patassé’s party claimed that it had secured a majority since five independent parliamentarians and one opposition politician joined the government.
The month after, anti-Balaka fighters attacked a delegation of ex-Séléka fighters who had come to Bangui to meet President Samba-Panza. Two of the four members of the delegation were abducted and have disappeared. During the ensuing riots, houses were burned down and several killed in clashes between armed Muslim gangs, anti-Balaka and national security forces.
In mid-December, the Selaka rebel leader Noureddine Adam proclaimed the Autonomous Republic of Logone. The statement was condemned by the transitional government.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does CAF stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Central African Republic.
In December 2015 and February 2016, parliamentary and presidential elections were held. In the first round of elections, independent candidate Faustin-Archange Touadéra received 19.1% of the vote, while Anicet-Georges Dologuélé of the Union for Central American Renewal got 23.7% followed by a host of other candidates. Yet, in the second round of elections, Touadéra managed to be elected president with 62.7% of the vote. He was posted to the post in April. Touadéra then appointed its election campaign director Simplice Sarandji as new prime minister. Sarandji presented his new government consisting of 23 ministers, and among the ministers were 3 presidential candidates who had run for election but lost. However, despite the inclusive approach, the Prime Minister chose not to include representatives of the Christian and Muslim militias.
Central African Republic State of Africa with Bangui as its capital. Ethnically fragmented region, it was in the 19th century. slave trade area, suffering devastating consequences. A French colony since 1884 with the name of Ubanghi-Sciari, Central Africa was subject to a harsh regime of diamond and timber exploitation. The anti-colonial nationalist movement was dominated by the figure of B. Boganda. Endowed with self-government within the framework of the Franco-African Community (1958), Ubanghi-Sciari obtained independence under the name of Central African Republic (1960). The first president was a relative of Boganda, David Dacko, clearly pro-French. Paris always remained firmly present and influential in the country. In 1966 Dacko was deposed by his cousin, general Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who inaugurated a despotic regime, alienating international credit. Bokassa was deposed in 1979 with French support and the Republic re-established with Dacko as president. In 1981, a new coup brought General André Kolingba to power, whose policy of severe economic austerity coupled with continued dependence on France caused serious turmoil. With the return to democracy (1993), Ange-Félix Patassé was elected. After a civil conflict (1996-97), Patassé was re-elected in 1999, but was ousted in 2002 by General François Bozizé, who was elected president in 2005. Since 2006, the country has seen repeated rebellions in the suburbs, growing instability and involvement in the conflict of neighbors Chad and Darfur Sudanese.