Cameroon. The multi-year border dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria over the Bakassi Peninsula was re-updated in March. Nigeria accused Cameroon of gathering at least 5,000 soldiers at the border, claiming they were preparing for a strike. The conflict has been going on since 1994 when Cameroon brought it to the International Court of Justice in The Hague (The Hague Court), where the matter is still pending. As a result of the alleged Cameroonian troop contractions, the Nigeria called on the Hague Court to close the case. Instead, they wanted to resolve the conflict through direct negotiations with Cameroon.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Cameroon is Yaounde. The two neighboring countries were also attracted by the organization Transparency International based in Berlin. The organization makes annual assessments of, among other things, which country in the world is the most corrupt, and it could conclude that Cameroon in that respect has passed Nigeria and thus was considered the world’s most corrupt country.
Security forces again responded with arbitrary arrests of people they suspected of supporting Boko Haram – most often on the back of sparse or no evidence at all. They were detained in inhumane, often life-threatening centers on military bases or intelligence agencies, neither had access to a lawyer nor their family. The security forces also used the tactic to block an entire area, and then carry out mass arrests. The Battalion for Rapid Response (BOB) battles with the intelligence agency DGRE committed even worse attacks. Dozens of men, women and children were tortured. Some died as a result of the torture. Others were lost.
Security forces also attacked activists and politicians from the country’s opposition parties. Arbitrary arrests were made and the detainees were subjected to violence. In October, lawyers, pupils and teachers from the country’s anglophone areas conducted a strike in protest against the marginalization of the country’s anglophone minority. Protests and demonstrations were brutally beaten by security forces. In March 2017, the government cut off the internet connection to the north and southwest of the country where the anglophone population is concentrated. It sparked new protests and the connection resumed in April.