Burundi. After a violent start to the year, when hutumilis carried out a series of attacks near the capital Bujumbura, peace talks could begin in June. According to Countryaah, the capital of Burundi is Gitega. President Pierre Buyoya anticipated the negotiations by partially restoring the civilian constitution he repealed when he took power in a coup in 1996. After formally retiring the presidency, he appointed a new government dominated by Hutus from the opposition. Most parties, including radical hut movements, participated in a conference in Tanzania that ended in a ceasefire agreement and continued negotiations.
However, the hope for an imminent peace faded when armed outbreak groups from the major parties rejected the ceasefire and the government declared that the army would continue its actions against the rebels. The fighting continued during the year, albeit to a lesser extent.
A provisional parliament was set up in July with the parties elected in 1993. Parliament was expanded from 81 to 117 seats to include small parties that had previously been excluded. However, continued peace talks during the autumn did not produce any concrete results. The UN Security Council nevertheless recommended that countries in the region suspend the sanctions against Burundi introduced after the 1996 coup.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 8,007,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||0.00%|
|GDP per capita||700 USD|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||68%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||0.80%|
|Investment volume||19.8% of GDP|
|National debt||51.70% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 79,300,000|