Bangladesh. After nearly 23 years of fighting, the Shanti Bahini guerrilla laid down its weapons in February after the government granted amnesty to all who participated in the uprising in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, a mountain area in the southeast mainly inhabited by minority people.
The monsoon rains in July caused the most severe floods in Bangladesh’s history. Three quarters of the land was submerged, at least 800,000 ha of arable land destroyed, 30 million. became homeless and at least 1,500 perished. According to Countryaah, the capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka. The damages were valued at more than $ 4 billion.
After more than a year-long trial, in November, 15 officers were sentenced to death for the 1975 assassination of the nation’s first leader, Mujibur Rahman, Prime Minister Hasina Wajed’s father. In October, three opposition politicians were indicted for murdering four of Mujibur Rahman’s ministers after the 1975 coup. Both the death sentences and the accusations were met by opposition protests, which described them as a political revenge by the government.
In September, author Taslima Nasrin returned to Bangladesh to visit his sick mother. She had fled to Sweden in 1994 after being threatened by Muslim extremists for alleged anti-Islamic writings and statements. Her return led to violent protests and demands that she be brought to trial. She was forced to stay hidden again and appealed to the outside world for protection.
Bangladesh – Dhaka
Dhaka, Dhākā, Dacca, capital of Bangladesh, at Burhi Ganga, a channel to the Dhaleswari river; 7 million residents (2012). Dhaka is the administrative, commercial and industrial center of the country. The city is located on a plain embankment of the rivers Meghna, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Padma, and several streams flood the area. Important crops are rice, jute, sugarcane and various oil-producing plants. Dhaka’s urban area holds the country’s largest concentration of industries, including heavy industry, electronics industry and food industry. Since the end of the 1990s, however, the service and service industries have grown strongest, including financial services and IT services. The university dates from 1921. In addition, there are agricultural universities, technical universities, education and research centers for nuclear energy.
Dhaka was founded as a garrison city and capital of the province of Bengal in the early 17th century and also became an important commercial city with large textile exports. The city grew, cultural life flourished and mosques were built. Since the court moved from Dhaka in the early 18th century, trade declined and famine hit Dhaka followed a recession. Dhaka was British in 1765–1947 and provincial capital in 1905–11. The years 1947–56 were Dhaka’s capital in the province of East Bengal and 1956-71 in East Pakistan. Since Bangladesh was founded in 1971, Dhaka has been the country’s capital.