In 1998, Angola was a country in Central Africa that had been devastated by years of civil war. After gaining independence from Portugal in 1975, the country had been embroiled in a decades-long conflict between the ruling MPLA party and the opposition UNITA movement. This war had caused immense destruction throughout the country, with over 1 million people dying and millions more displaced. Infrastructure such as roads and power grids were badly damaged, and access to basic services such as health care and education were limited. In addition, the economy was heavily reliant on oil exports, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global prices. Despite these challenges, there were signs of progress in 1998; a peace agreement had been reached between the government and opposition groups that same year, providing some hope for a better future. With a population estimated at around 10 million people living in an area of 1.2 million square kilometers, Angola faced many difficulties as it entered into 1998 but there was still cause for optimism. See dentistrymyth for Angola in the year of 2015.
Angola. Tensions between UNITA (União Nacional para Independência Total de Angola) and the government, dominated by the MPLA (Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola), increased significantly and by the end of the year a full scale civil war in Angola was raging A UN plan with 14 people was fired in late December, down over the battle zone near the city of Huambo in the central part of the country. According to Countryaah, the capital of Angola is Luanda. The government and the guerrillas accused each other of being behind the act.
At the end of the summer, the government suspended UNITA’s four ministers and seven deputy ministers from the government and its 70 members of parliament because the movement did not comply with the terms of the 1991 peace agreement. This has not happened – on the contrary, during the last months of the year, UNITA recovered several land areas that had previously been returned. This applies to areas in the north where there are large deposits of diamonds, with which UNITA finances its military operations.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does AGO stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Angola.
In the summer, the UN imposed financial sanctions on UNITA, and US President Bill Clinton blamed UNITA for the entire crisis in Angola. However, UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi probably did not strive for a full-scale war, although this was the result of a government offensive at the end of the year.