In 1998, Albania was a country in transition. Following the fall of communism in 1991, the country had embarked on a journey of democratic reforms and economic liberalization. The economy was beginning to show signs of growth, but unemployment and poverty remained widespread. Inflation was high, and the currency had been devalued several times since 1991. Infrastructure such as roads and power grids needed significant improvement, and access to health care and education were limited for many people. Security was an issue as well; organized crime networks had become increasingly powerful in certain parts of Albania, particularly along the Albanian-Greek border. Despite these difficulties, there were signs that Albania was slowly recovering from its past struggles; foreign investment had begun to flow into the country in 1998, providing some hope for a better future. With a population estimated at around 3 million people living in an area of 28,000 square kilometers, Albania faced many challenges as it entered into 1998. See dentistrymyth for Albania in the year of 2015.
Albania. At the beginning of the year, violent riots broke out in Shkodër, northern Albania, which is a stronghold for former President Sali Berisha’s Democratic Party, Partia Demokratike të Shqipërisë (PDS). The riots were turned down after armed men released 60 prisoners – half of them charged with murder – and burnt down the town hall as well as looted shops and banks. The uprising was triggered by all judging by the fact that a large number of PDS supporters had been arrested. In the spring, a wave of violence followed, which according to the authorities, required at least 350 lives. The situation remained tense during the summer, not least because of the ongoing fighting in the Kosovo province of southern Serbia between Yugoslav security forces and the Kosovo Albanian guerrilla. The battles led, among other things. to tens of thousands of Kosovo Albanians flee to Albania The situation was further sharpened in September when the opposition with Berisha at the head called for large government hostile demonstrations despite the government’s ban. The demonstrations degenerated into riots and raids in the capital Tirana.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Albania is Tirana. Prime Minister Fatos Nano, who led a coalition government with four other parties besides his Socialist Party, Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë (PSS), resigned and was succeeded by the mere 30-year-old Pandeli Majko.
A proposal for a new constitution was adopted late in the fall in a referendum following some political quarrels.
Life in Albania was characterized by crime, and the mafia could spread. Domestic production was almost non-existent, and most of it was imported with money from foreign aid, from Albanians who emigrated and from criminal activities. Where corn, cereals and vegetables were previously grown, cannabis was smuggled out in many places that were smuggled out of the country for illegal sale in the rest of Europe. Human trafficking was another lucrative income for various criminal leagues. It was conducted mainly from the port city of Vlorë, from which Albanian, Asian, Arab and African refugees were transported across the Adriatic to Italy. Another illegal source of income was arms smuggling, mainly to the violence-stricken province of Kosovo in southern Serbia on the northeastern border of Albania. Thousands of Kosovo Albanian refugees have fled across the mountains to Albania, where they live in refugee camps. International aid broadcasts are rarely robbed before they reach the refugee camps.
During the 1997 uprising, nearly 1 million automatic weapons were looted from military and police stations around the country. Those who have not been smuggled abroad are still in civilian hands. The Albanian government therefore asked the UN at the end of the year for assistance in collecting arms.
- Abbreviationfinder: What does ALB stand for in geography? Here, this 3 letter acronym refers to the country of Albania.
Vlora [ vlorə], Italian Valona [v] of the district in the south of, capital of Albania rd, on the Bay of Vlora (Adriatic Sea) (2011). 79,500 residents.
National Independence Museum; Building materials and food industry (including fish processing, olive oil), small and medium-sized businesses; Port with ferry connections to Italy and Greece, expanded after 1999.
Significant Muradiye, originally a Byzantine cross-domed church, converted into a mosque by Murad II.
Vlorë, the Greek aulon, stood in the shadow of Apollonia in Illyria in ancient times. From the 4th century it belonged mostly to the Byzantine Empire, 1337–71 to Serbia; 1371-1414 own despotate. Since 1414 under Ottoman rule, it has been conquered from Venice several times. In 1912 Albanian independence was proclaimed here; 1915-20 and 1939-43 Vlorë was occupied by Italy.
Durres [ durrəs], Italian Durazzo town in Albania, capital of the district, around the Adriatic, (2011). 113 200 residents.
Important industrial center and largest port in Albania with ferry connections to Italy, Greece and Croatia; south of the city hotel complexes.
Numerous excavations have uncovered parts of the fortifications. Remains of the amphitheater and the city wall from Roman times as well as parts of the once mighty Byzantine walling have been preserved. In 1967, a polychrome, Byzantine-influenced wall mosaic was discovered, which is believed to represent the Byzantine emperor Alexander (912-913).
Durrës was named Epidamnos in 627 BC. Founded from Corinth and Kerkyra (Corfu) and fell in 312 BC. To the Illyrian king Glaucias. Since 229 BC It was under Roman protection and, under the name Dyrrhachium, became the most important Roman bridgehead on the eastern bank of the Adriatic Sea and the starting point of the Via Egnatia leading to Thessaloniki and Byzantium. At Durrës, 48 v. Chr. BC Pompey had the last successful resistance against Caesar before his defeat. Diocletian raised Durrës to the capital of the province of Epirus Nova in the 4th century. The diocese, which has existed since 58, was upgraded to an archdiocese in 449. In 989 Samuel conquered of Bulgaria, after a Byzantine interlude in 1082 by the Norman Robert Guiscard Durrës. In 1205 the city fell to the Venetians for the first time, then followed in rapid succession by the despots of Epirus, Manfred von Hohenstaufen (1258), Karl (1272) and Johann von Anjou, Philipp von Otranto, Stephan Dušan (1336) and the Albanian family Topias (1358) before Venice occupied the city again in 1392. 1501–1912 Durrës was under Turkish suzerainty and was the capital of independent Albania from 1913–21. Durrës was formerly the seat of an Orthodox metropolitan and a Catholic archbishop.
Tirana, capital of Albania, with (2011) 418 500 residents.
Tirana is the cultural (universities, museums) and economic center of the country. After the decline of industry, Tirana is now the leading service center (administration, trade, small businesses, construction and finance).
In the city center around Skanderbergplatz only a few buildings from the Ottoman period have survived. Neoclassical buildings and prefabricated buildings from the time between the world wars as well as new buildings from the 21st century characterize the cityscape today.
Tirana has been the capital of Albania since 1920. At the beginning of the 21st century, the city experienced an economic boom, which was associated with considerable, sometimes uncontrolled immigration.