Taiwan. Relations with Taiwan’s arch-rival China improved through meetings at the highest level to date after the arrival of both regimes in 1949. Since a delegation from Taiwan’s semi-official contact agency SEF visited China in April – the first formal contact in nearly three years – Mainland Research Professor Zhu Lilan traveled to Taiwan in July. However, she did not come as a government member but to talk about research exchanges.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Taiwan is Taipei. A murder the same month on a Taiwanese local politician on a business trip in northeastern China sparked anger in Taiwan and demands for better protection for visitors. Political contacts continued, however, with US silent support, and in October, Taiwan’s highest envoy, SEF chief Koo Chen-fu, was able to travel to Shanghai and his counterpart Wang Daohan. He also met with President Jiang Zemin in Beijing. The talks were described as “friendly”, but Taiwan insisted that China must be free and democratic before they can both reunite.
At the same time, governments in the capitals of Taibei and Beijing continued their global diplomatic struggle. After South Africa, like the vast majority of the world’s countries, the Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau and Tonga chose to recognize the Beijing regime as China’s only legitimate one, while Taibei succeeded in joining, among other things. Marshall Islands. It gave Taiwan formal diplomatic ties with 27 countries, most of them small states in Africa, Central America and the Pacific.
In two elections, the ruling party GMD (Guomindang) took revenge for the setback in the local elections the year before. Of the more than 1,200 mayor and council positions that were at stake in January, GMD captured more than 60%.
In December, GMD through former Justice Minister Ma Ying-jeou resigned mayor post in Taibei from the opposition party DFP (Democratic Progress Party). KMT also secured 123 seats in Parliament against DFP’s 70.
In February, an aircraft from China Airlines crashed at the approach to Taibei airport, killing about 200 people.
Population and those in power
Taiwan may have had its first residents from southern China and Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia as early as 15,000 to 10,000 BC Today, the indigenous population, which is a small minority, is divided into twenty ethnic groups whose cultures can still be found in some mountain villages and dedicated theme parks.
By the end of the Han Dynasty in mainland China in 220, the country was divided into three kingdoms (Wei, Shu, and Wu). Of these, Wu conquered Taiwan in 239. In the following centuries, a wide variety of ethnic groups arrived from the continent, including the northern Chinese Hakka people. When the Mongols conquered China and founded the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368), more Chinese, especially from nearby Fujian Province, fled to Taiwan.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to reach the island. They were followed by the Dutch, who took control of the island in 1624. Along with Java, it was their main trading base in Asia until General Meng Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga) of Taiwan in 1662. Eventually, Qing conquered Taiwan in 1683 and annexed it to Fujian Province.
In 1895, after a devastating war, China had to cede Taiwan to Japan, which occupied the region and ruled it for the next 50 years. After Japan’s defeat in World War II, Taiwan was returned to China in 1945. Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-shek, declared a state of war on the island and established the Republic of China there in 1949. Chiang himself served as President of Taiwan until his death in 1975. The martial law was not repealed until 1987, after which the country’s administration and political system have gradually democratized.
Taiwan – the Republic of China – was a member of the UN until the World Organization replaced the People’s Republic of China in 1971. Under the UN’s “one China policy”, few countries now recognize Taiwan, which China counts as one of its provinces.
In addition to the main island, Taiwan includes a number of smaller islands. With a total area of just about 36,000 square kilometers, it has more than 23 million residents, about 98% of whom are Chinese.