Qatar. In February, a lawsuit was initiated against more
than 100 people suspected of involvement in a coup attempt
in 1996. Two people were sentenced to ten years in prison
for revealing state secrets in connection with the coup
attempt and a third was sentenced to one year.
Countryaah, Qatar's emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa ath-Thani,
announced in May that the country would take a first step
towards democracy by establishing a constitution based on
Kuwaiti model. A few months later, local elections were
announced in February 1999, and in November the emir
announced that general parliamentary elections are also
planned. However, he did not indicate when.
In 2015, it was revealed that Qatar had paid large sums
of bribes to FIFA in 2010 to secure the 2022 World Cup.
Sharia is the basis of Qatar legislation. It is
especially used in the Family Law, the Criminal Code and the
Inheritance Law. Stoning, whipping and the death penalty are
common forms of punishment. In family matters, the woman's
account counts only half of the man's and in many cases not
at all. Homosexuality and conversion from Islam are "crimes"
punishable by death. The same is adultery when it is between
a Muslim woman and a non-Muslim man. Sexual “misconduct” or
alcohol consumption is typically punished by whipping or
Qatar houses the United States' largest air base in the
Arabian Gulf, the Al Udeid air base with seating for 10,000
Political prisoner and poet Mohammed al-Ajami was
released in March 2016 after being pardoned by the emir. In
2012, he was given 15 years in prison for writing and
reciting poems that were "offensive to the emir and the
Qatar's participation in Saudi Arabia's war on Yemen was
profitable for the international arms manufacturers. In
March 2016, France sold 24 Dassault Rafael fighter jets to
Qatar worth $ 7.5 billion. US $ and in September the US sold
36 F-15 fighter jets to the value of approx. 4 billion US $.
Migrant workers make up the majority of the country's
population and are subject to exploitation, abuse and
slavery-like conditions. A new migrant law came into force
in December 2016, a year after it was enacted. It contained
some minor improvements, such as the abolition of the
quarantine rule of 2 years after a worker had left Qatar.
But at the same time, there were parts that were unchanged
under the previous 2009 migrant law it replaced such as
forced labor. Under the new law, the worker still had to
have a permit from her employer before she could leave
Qatar. If a worker was barred from traveling, she could
appeal, but no public guidelines for appeal existed. The new
law also allowed the employer to prevent the worker from
changing jobs for up to a five-year period, and allowed the
employer to withhold the worker's passports which gave them
greater control over the worker. In March 2016, the ILO had
a delegation in the country to assess its violation of the
Convention on Forced Labor and the Convention on Labor
Inspection. In particular, there were many criticisms of the
work on the infrastructure for the World Cup in Soccer,
which Qatar will host in 2022.