Mali. According to
Countryaah, former dictator Moussa Traoré, his wife and four
officials from his regime were brought to trial in October
for embezzling the equivalent of 30 million. kr. from the
Treasury. Both Traoré and his wife have been incarcerated
since 1991, when the dictator was deposed in a coup that
paved the way for a return to democracy. He was sentenced to
death in 1992 for the shooting deaths of protesters, but the
sentence was later converted to life imprisonment. He risks
another death sentence.
The political and economic opening of M. is regarded as a
role model for Africa. The World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) rewarded the reform work by approving in
September that DKK 250 million. dollars of the country's
debt burden are depreciated according to the debt relief
plan for the most heavily indebted poor countries adopted in
1996. Economic growth in M. was estimated at 5% in 1998.
The Government Anti-Corruption Commission published its
4th report in July 2000. It criticized public money fraud
and mismanagement in a number of state-owned enterprises and
institutions. Among those criticized were the National
Tobacco Company, Pension Funds, Ministry of the Interior and
several public hospitals in Bamako. The report's findings
also led to an indictment being raised after large amounts
of UN relief supplies had disappeared.
The first Rwandan war criminals, convicted by the War
Criminal Tribunal in Arusha, arrived in Bamako in December
2001, where they must serve their sentence. Among them were
Rwanda's former prime minister, Jean Kambanda and Taba
mayor, Jean Paul Akayesu. The security of the Rwandan
prisons is not sufficient to allow them to serve their
sentence in their country of birth.
After 13 years of construction, the first turbine at the
Manantali hydropower plant began to generate electricity.
The power plant was built in collaboration with Mauritania
and Senegal. financial disputes between the parties. In the
end, it was decided that 52% of power is delivered to Mali,
15% to Mauritania and 33% to Senegal. More than 20,000
Malaysians had been displaced in 1986 to make way for the
The May 2002 presidential election was won by Touré, who
replaced Konaré, who had been in office for two terms - the
maximum according to. Constitution. Touré is considered a
public hero after defeating Traoré. He also won on his
promises of work and education for the youth.
Icw. At the Inter-Ministerial Conference in Cancun in
September 2003, Mali, along with four other African
countries, brought an action against the United States for
its illegal state aid to its own cotton producers. Mali
characterized the case as a "matter of life or death" for
the poor country's economy. Otherwise, Mali's cotton
production has become internationally competitive since the
The same month, French President visited Mali and gave a
loan to the country's textile industry. There are around
100,000 illegal Malaysians living in France. to slow down
the exodus. He also presented - unsuccessfully - a plan for
repatriating the many illegal Malaysians in France.
In late 2003, the government released 40 hostages -
predominantly German tourists. They had been abducted by an
Algerian Islamic rebel movement that is on Washington's list
of "terrorist organizations."