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Malaysia

Yearbook 1998

Malaysia. According to Countryaah, Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad, Malaysia's strong man for 17 years, ended up in political blows during the summer when Finance Minister Anwar Ibrahim, long seen as Mahathir's "Crown Prince", criticized the regime for corruption and slander. He demanded political and economic reform and was supported by UMNO (United Malays National Organization) youth leader Ahman Zahid Hamidi. In early September, Anwar Ibrahim was dismissed from both the government, where he was also deputy prime minister, and UMNO. At the same time, he was charged with abuse of power and violation of morality. He responded by speaking at mass meetings around the country for his reform movement and rejecting all charges. Protesters and police clashed several times, and on September 20, Anwar was arrested in his home in the capital Kuala Lumpur. On his first appearance in court just over a week later, he carried traces of police abuse, which sparked protests from other countries. Prime Minister Mahathir assured that Malaysia was politically stable, rejected demands for the government's resignation and accused Anwar of trying to seize power. In November, the trial began, by some seen as a litigation process and ultimately a political settlement between Mahathir's authoritarian establishment and the country's opposition. Anwar Ibrahim faces up to 20 years in prison.

1998 Malaysia

The government's disagreement over the failing economy was clear. In an effort to stop speculators and keep Malaysia out of Asia's financial crisis, Mahathir reintroduced strict currency controls and fixed exchange rates for the ringgit currency. The central bank's chief and deputy governor had previously resigned in protest against this.

The case of Anwar Ibrahim came to overshadow the state visit of Britain's Queen Elizabeth in connection with the Commonwealth Games in Malaysia in September. It also affected the country's other relations to the outside world. High politicians in i.a. The Philippines, Australia and the United States expressed concern over the allegations. When the Pacific Cooperation Forum APEC held a summit in M's capital Kuala Lumpur, November 17-18, US Vice President Al Gore hailed Anwar's reform demands and called his followers brave.

Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur, capital and federal territory of Malaysia; 243 km2, 1. 5 million residents (2010). Kuala Lumpur, which is located 40 km off the west coast of the Malacca Peninsula, has emerged as the main location for rubber cultivation and inland transport. In line with Malaysia's rapid economic development during the 1980s and 1990s, Kuala Lumpur became a modern metropolis and the country's dominant center for industry, commerce, finance, education and cultural life. A continuous metropolitan area with industrial cities and residential suburbs (Klangdalen) extends all the way to the port city of Port Kelang. Kuala Lumpur has extensive production of clothing and other consumer goods, car factories, railway workshops, metal industry and chemical industry. A very extensive expansion of the transport network is in progress. with a new international airport, 50 km south of the city. A development zone for multimedia companies is planned between Kuala Lumpur and the airport, telemedicine and other high technology. It also builds Putrajaya, a suburb that will be the center of the country's federal administration. In Kuala Lumpur, the world's tallest building, the national oil company Petronas twin tower, was completed in 1996.

It was founded in 1857 as a Chinese mining community, became the capital of Federated Malaya under British rule in 1895 and in independent Malaysia in 1963. The explosive economic development thereafter has made K. one of Southeast Asia's most important urban center.

 

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