Lesotho. According to
Countryaah, Prime Minister Ntsu Mokhehle resigned in January
as leader of the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD). He
also dissolved Parliament and announced new elections. New
party leader and prime minister became Pakalitha Mosisili.
In the May election, LCD won 79 of the 80 seats, and the
opposition accused LCD of cheating and demanded that the
election be annulled. In August, the opposition began
conducting daily demonstrations in the capital Maseru.
Clashes occurred and several people were killed.
In September, parts of the army revolted, and the
commander was taken prisoner and forced to retire.
Government administration was paralyzed by strikes. At Prime
Minister Mosisili's request, South Africa intervened with
600 soldiers and Botswana with 300. They faced fierce
resistance and hundreds of people were killed during the
ensuing days' fighting, including many civilians and nine
South Africans. Maseru was looted and parts of the capital
burned down. After a week, the uprising was put down after
the intervention force was strengthened.
The government and the opposition set up a joint
"executive transitional council" which, in parallel with the
government, would overhaul the electoral system and
reorganize the electoral commission for new elections that
were promised until April 2000.