Jordan. King Hussein, one of the heads of state in the world who has spent the longest time in his post, was cared for a large part of the year for lymph node cancer in the United States. He delegated the rule of the country to his brother, Crown Prince Hasan. At the same time, the king became less popular during the year. In February, the military turned down protests in the city of Maan in the southern part of the country. The protesters manifested their support for Iraq during the ongoing conflict with the UN but at the same time showed a dissatisfaction with the king’s rule. Many Jordanians believe that the king’s approach to the United States and the peace agreement with Israel in 1994 did not pay any dividends. J. has e.g. largely excluded from trade with the autonomous Palestinian territories, where Israel does several billion dollars every year. Nor do many Jordanians appreciate that the country has become the only Arab country apart from Egypt that has made peace with Israel.
According to Countryaah, the capital of Jordan is Amman. King Hussein has dealt with the protests. He has restricted freedom of the press in a way that the Supreme Court in January found contrary to the Constitution. A leading Islamist and regime critic, Layth Shubaylat, was sentenced in May to nine months in prison for rioting in connection with the February protests. The king pardoned him, but Shubaylat refused to be released. In August, the government resigned after it was discovered that one of the ministers had called on the capital of Amman’s residents to drink water, which then turned out to be poisoned. New Prime Minister Fayiz Tarawna was appointed new Prime Minister.
In May, Jordan and Syria signed an agreement to build a dam and a hydroelectric plant along the Yarmuk (Jarmuk) border. The dam will provide Jordan with an annual contribution of DKK 125 million. km 3 water. However, only 30% of the electricity will go to Jordan, the rest to Syria. The project, which will be financed by the World Bank, is estimated to cost SEK 3.4 billion.