Jordan. King Hussein, one of the heads of state in the
world who has spent the longest time in his post, was cared
for a large part of the year for lymph node cancer in the
United States. He delegated the rule of the country to his
brother, Crown Prince Hasan. At the same time, the king
became less popular during the year. In February, the
military turned down protests in the city of Maan in the
southern part of the country. The protesters manifested
their support for Iraq during the ongoing conflict with the
UN but at the same time showed a dissatisfaction with the
king's rule. Many Jordanians believe that the king's
approach to the United States and the peace agreement with
Israel in 1994 did not pay any dividends. J. has e.g.
largely excluded from trade with the autonomous Palestinian
territories, where Israel does several billion dollars every
year. Nor do many Jordanians appreciate that the country has
become the only Arab country apart from Egypt that has made
peace with Israel.
Countryaah, King Hussein has dealt with the protests. He has
restricted freedom of the press in a way that the Supreme
Court in January found contrary to the Constitution. A
leading Islamist and regime critic, Layth Shubaylat, was
sentenced in May to nine months in prison for rioting in
connection with the February protests. The king pardoned
him, but Shubaylat refused to be released. In August, the
government resigned after it was discovered that one of the
ministers had called on the capital of Amman's residents to
drink water, which then turned out to be poisoned. New Prime
Minister Fayiz Tarawna was appointed new Prime Minister.
In May, Jordan and Syria signed an agreement to build a dam
and a hydroelectric plant along the Yarmuk (Jarmuk) border.
The dam will provide Jordan with an annual contribution of DKK
125 million. km 3 water. However, only 30% of the
electricity will go to Jordan, the rest to Syria. The project,
which will be financed by the World Bank, is estimated to
cost SEK 3.4 billion.