Ivory Coast. At the end of May, Mali's Minister of
Justice announced that about 10,000 children from his home
country had been sold as slaves in neighboring Ivory Coast.
Countryaah, these were children aged 8–16 who were sold to coffee and
cocoa growers in Ivory Coast by their parents in the
drought-affected Mali. The countries signed an agreement to
fight illegal child trafficking.
In connection with the Ivory Coast celebrating its 38th
anniversary as an independent nation in August, President
Henri Konan Bédié issued an amnesty covering 3,600 of the
country's prisoners. The exceptions were those convicted of
violent crimes, drug offenses or misappropriation of public
funds. Amnesty, however, provided that the prisoner could
set up a bail sum or repay any theft.
UN diplomat Aliounie Blondin Beyes was killed when his
aircraft crashed on June 26 shortly before landing in the
Ivory Coast administrative seat Abidjan. Beyes was on his
way to the Ivory Coast during a tour he undertook among
African states to gain a hearing for his Angola peace plan.
In December, parliamentary elections were held. The first
since 2000. However, the election was boycotted by Gbabgo's
party FPI. However, the election campaign was peaceful, but
turnout was low (35.9%). After the election victory,
President Ouattara initiated a reform of the Armed Forces
(FRCI) aimed at abolishing the impunity that had prevailed
in previous years. But the reform did not reach the bottom.
2012 was characterized by continued assaults from both the
FRCI and the state-backed Dozos militia on the one hand, and
armed groups affiliated with Ghagbo's FPI on the other. No
one was accounted for the abuses committed. The armed
conflict further escalated in June 2012 following the
killings of 7 members of the UN peacekeeping force in the
country (UNOCI) and 10 civilians in the southwestern part of
the country committed by militia from Liberia. Ouattara
accused the FPI of being behind,
In November 2012, President Ouattara replaced Prime
Minister Ahoussou-Kouadio with former Foreign Minister
Daniel Kablan Duncan.
In June 2014, the ICC announced that in July 2015,
Laurent Gbagbo will stand trial for 4 charges of crimes
against humanity. The ICC also asked for his wife, Simone
Ghagbo, to be extradited from Côte d'Ivoire for prosecution.
In 2014, the authorities had lost control of significant
parts of the country - especially in the north - which were
instead ruled by armed gangs.
In March 2015, 78 supporters and family members of
Laurent Gbagbo were brought to court in Abidjan. Including
his wife Simone. 18 were acquitted and some were given
conditional sentences. Simone Ghagbo was sentenced to 20
years in prison for "undermining state security",
participating in an undermining movement and public
disorder. Genevieve Bro Grebé was sentenced to 10 years in
prison for similar charges.
In October 2015, Ouattara was elected to a second term as
president with 84% of the vote. The massive electoral
victory was a consequence of divisions in the opposition
that did not agree on whether to take part in the election
or boycott it. Even the major opposition party FPI was
divided. Some called for a boycott, while others called for
participation. The party's candidate Pascal Affi N'Guessan
therefore only got 9% of the vote. In turn, the turnout was