Haiti. According to
Countryaah, President René Préval failed time after time to
get his candidates for the Prime Minister's post approved by
Parliament. In the end, he received support for the
nomination of Education Minister Jacques Édouard Alexis, and
the hope was that it would end a long period of political
deadlock filled with contradictions.
Dominican Republic President Leonel Fernández Reyna
visited Haiti during the year, the first official visit
between the countries in 70 years. The visit resulted in
agreements on the fight against drugs, tourism and trade
cooperation, as well as direct postal connections between
Haiti breathed life into an old border conflict with the
United States and demanded the right to Navase Island five
miles off the Haitian coast that the United States considers
itself to be entitled to. The conflict is more than 100
Haiti was hit hard when Hurricane Georges advanced across
the Caribbean in September, killing at least 90 people.
Emergency assistance had difficulty reaching the affected,
including because of Haiti's inadequate infrastructure.
Martelly had led the election campaign on a pledge to
restore the country's military that had been defeated under
Aristide in the 90's. In August 11, he published a plan for
military recovery. A plan that was met with criticism by
national and international human rights organizations
because of the military's long tradition of coups and human
In January 2011, the country's former dictator
Jean-Claude Duvalier (Baby Doc) returned to Haiti.
Authorities launched an investigation to bring charges
against Duvalier. Only in January 2012 did an investigating
judge order an order whose content was that he should stand
trial in a lower court accused of scamming US $ 300-800. But
human rights violations, on the other hand, were outdated.
Both Duvalier and human rights organizations appealed the
ruling. The former to avoid being put on trial for fraud.
The latter for bringing him to trial for human rights
violations. The appeal was initiated in December 2012 and
until May 13, a large number of witnesses were heard about
Duvalier's human rights violations. The dictator's personal
terrorist corps Tonton Macoutes had for decades terrorized
political opponents and the civilian population as well.
After May 13, however, the case stalled. However, on
February 14, the Court of Appeals handed down an order
overturning the 2-year-old order of the trial judge. The
Court of Appeals declared that Duvalier could well be put on
trial for crimes against humanity. However, the former
dictator died of a heart attack in October 14, and although
Called on Amnesty International to conduct the case against
the dictator, the Haitian authorities decided to close it.
In February 2012, Martelly's first prime minister, Garry
Coniville, resigned after just 5 months on the post. He was
replaced by Foreign Minister Laurent Lamothe. In
March-April, Martelly was charged with corruption after it
emerged that a Dominican contractor after the first round of
elections had supported his election campaign with $ 2.6
million. US $ toward getting construction projects to be
completed under Martelly. In November 2013, comprehensive
demonstrations against the corruption and the high cost of
living were conducted.
In 2013, Haiti called on European colonial states to pay
compensation for the hundreds of years of slavery they had
practiced on the American continent.
The rebuilding project after the earthquake has ended as
a sham support for international aid work. Five years after
the earthquake, 170,000 Haitians continue to live in refugee
camps without proper sanitation; the money for
reconstruction is more or less spent and the aid
organizations are looking elsewhere. Western media are only
interested in disasters for quite a few days, and the
ongoing disaster in Haiti is therefore a non-history in
In 2013, Haiti, along with other Caribbean states, called
on European colonial states to pay compensation and
apologize for hundreds of years of slavery and slave trade.
The call was ignored by the European states - including
Denmark, which itself had made a crash on slavery and slave