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Central African Republic

Yearbook 1998

Central African Republic. In March, the UN Security Council appointed a 1,350 peacekeeping force to replace a French-led African troop that monitored the ceasefire entered into in February 1997 following a year of army revolts. The UN force was named MINURCA (Mission des Nations Unies en République Centrafricaine). The political reconciliation process continued with the formation of an independent election commission in July. However, the fact that the President of the Commission was directly appointed by President Ange-Félix Patassé caused some protests from politicians who questioned his impartiality.

According to Countryaah, Parliamentary elections were held in November and December without more serious disruptions. Neither Patassé's ruling party The Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (Mouvement pour la Liberatión du Peuple Centrafricain, MLPC) nor an opposition alliance, formed after the first round of elections and consisting of eight parties, gained no majority. The opposition initially said it had received enough support from partyless members to form a government, but a week later, Patassé's party claimed that it had secured a majority since five independent parliamentarians and one opposition politician joined the government.

1998 Central African Republic

The month after, anti-Balaka fighters attacked a delegation of ex-Séléka fighters who had come to Bangui to meet President Samba-Panza. Two of the four members of the delegation were abducted and have disappeared. During the ensuing riots, houses were burned down and several killed in clashes between armed Muslim gangs, anti-Balaka and national security forces.

In mid-December, the Selaka rebel leader Noureddine Adam proclaimed the Autonomous Republic of Logone. The statement was condemned by the transitional government.

In December 2015 and February 2016, parliamentary and presidential elections were held. In the first round of elections, independent candidate Faustin-Archange Touadéra received 19.1% of the vote, while Anicet-Georges Dologuélé of the Union for Central American Renewal got 23.7% followed by a host of other candidates. Yet, in the second round of elections, Touadéra managed to be elected president with 62.7% of the vote. He was posted to the post in April. Touadéra then appointed its election campaign director Simplice Sarandji as new prime minister. Sarandji presented his new government consisting of 23 ministers, and among the ministers were 3 presidential candidates who had run for election but lost. However, despite the inclusive approach, the Prime Minister chose not to include representatives of the Christian and Muslim militias.

 

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