Cameroon. The multi-year border dispute between Cameroon and
Nigeria over the Bakassi Peninsula was re-updated in March.
Nigeria accused Cameroon of gathering at least 5,000 soldiers at
the border, claiming they were preparing for a strike. The
conflict has been going on since 1994 when Cameroon brought it to
the International Court of Justice in The Hague (The Hague
Court), where the matter is still pending. As a result of
the alleged Cameroonian troop contractions, the Nigeria
called on the Hague Court to close the case. Instead, they
wanted to resolve the conflict through direct negotiations
Countryaah, the two neighboring countries were also attracted by the
organization Transparency International based in Berlin. The
organization makes annual assessments of, among other
things, which country in the world is the most corrupt, and
it could conclude that Cameroon in that respect has passed Nigeria
and thus was considered the world's most corrupt country.
Security forces again responded with arbitrary arrests of
people they suspected of supporting Boko Haram - most often
on the back of sparse or no evidence at all. They were
detained in inhumane, often life-threatening centers on
military bases or intelligence agencies, neither had access
to a lawyer nor their family. The security forces also used
the tactic to block an entire area, and then carry out mass
arrests. The Battalion for Rapid Response (BOB) battles with
the intelligence agency DGRE committed even worse attacks.
Dozens of men, women and children were tortured. Some died
as a result of the torture. Others were lost.
Security forces also attacked activists and politicians
from the country's opposition parties. Arbitrary arrests
were made and the detainees were subjected to violence. In
October, lawyers, pupils and teachers from the country's
anglophone areas conducted a strike in protest against the
marginalization of the country's anglophone minority.
Protests and demonstrations were brutally beaten by security
forces. In March 2017, the government cut off the internet
connection to the north and southwest of the country where
the anglophone population is concentrated. It sparked new
protests and the connection resumed in April.