Bangladesh. After nearly 23 years of fighting, the Shanti
Bahini guerrilla laid down its weapons in February after the
government granted amnesty to all who participated in the
uprising in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, a mountain area in
the southeast mainly inhabited by minority people.
The monsoon rains in July caused the most severe floods
in Bangladesh's history. Three quarters of the land was
submerged, at least 800,000 ha of arable land destroyed, 30
million. became homeless and at least 1,500 perished.
damages were valued at more than $ 4 billion.
After more than a year-long trial, in November, 15
officers were sentenced to death for the 1975 assassination
of the nation's first leader, Mujibur Rahman, Prime Minister
Hasina Wajed's father. In October, three opposition
politicians were indicted for murdering four of Mujibur
Rahman's ministers after the 1975 coup. Both the death
sentences and the accusations were met by opposition
protests, which described them as a political revenge by the
In September, author Taslima Nasrin returned to
Bangladesh to visit his sick mother. She had fled to Sweden
in 1994 after being threatened by Muslim extremists for
alleged anti-Islamic writings and statements. Her return led
to violent protests and demands that she be brought to
trial. She was forced to stay hidden again and appealed to
the outside world for protection.
Bangladesh - Dhaka
Dhaka, Dhākā, Dacca, capital of Bangladesh, at Burhi Ganga,
a channel to the Dhaleswari river; 7 million residents (2012). Dhaka is the
administrative, commercial and industrial center of the country. The city is
located on a plain embankment of the rivers Meghna, Ganges, Brahmaputra and
Padma, and several streams flood the area. Important crops are rice, jute,
sugarcane and various oil-producing plants. Dhaka's urban area holds the
country's largest concentration of industries, including heavy industry,
electronics industry and food industry. Since the end of the 1990s, however, the
service and service industries have grown strongest, including financial
services and IT services. The university dates from 1921. In addition, there are
agricultural universities, technical universities, education and research
centers for nuclear energy.
Dhaka was founded as a garrison city and capital of the province of Bengal in
the early 17th century and also became an important commercial city with large
textile exports. The city grew, cultural life flourished and mosques were built.
Since the court moved from Dhaka in the early 18th century, trade declined and
famine hit Dhaka followed a recession. Dhaka was British in 1765–1947 and
provincial capital in 1905–11. The years 1947–56 were Dhaka's capital in the
province of East Bengal and 1956-71 in East Pakistan. Since Bangladesh was
founded in 1971, Dhaka has been the country's capital.